Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Growth

A Study of Ossification Centres Around the Elbow and Wrist of Adolescent Aged 15 - 19 Years at a Tertiary Care Centre

Sharad Kumar Agarwal, Tariq Wali

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 196-201

Introduction: Legal punishment and crimes are entirely based on the criminal
responsibilities and age of the person. The crime against the children and adolescent
and crime by the children and adolescent are increasing hugely in this modern era
where technologies are improving greatly. Evaluating the bone age in skeletally
immature patient gained importance for therapeutic decision-making, and the
knowledge about the skeletal development forms the basis for the results interpretation.
In Adolescence, the age of appearance of the ossification centers of their elbow has a
relatively well-established chronological sequence which are documented in literature:
humerus capitulum, radius head, medial or internal epicondyle, humerus trochleaand
lateral or external epicondyle.
Materials and Methods:The study was carried out on a total of 143 subjects out of
which 110 were males and 33 were females. After obtaining the written consent from
every individual, subjects were allowed for their radiological examination. The X-rays
of wrist were first taken with A-P view at 40- 44 KVp and 4 – 8 mAs (Focussing at mid
carpal area). The X-ray of elbow was then taken with A-P view at 42-44 KVp and 4–8
mAs (Centering at mid carpal area). The tube current was fixed at 40 inches and tube
current at 100 mA. The persons selected for the study were grouped as per their stated
age viz, 15-16 years, 16-17years, 17-18years & 18-19 years.
Results:The complete fusion of ossification centres around elbow joint in males starts at
the age of 15-16 years followed by individuals of 17-18 years showing complete fusion
from a range of 80-90% and all the 18 subjects between 18-19 years shows 100%
complete fusion. In females it showed that the complete fusion of all ossification centres
around elbow joint started at the age group of 15-16 years but was not complete and it
was followed by appearance of 100% complete fusion in 16-19 years age group of
Conclusion:This study proves that the complete fusion of ossification centres around
elbow and wrist joint in females occurs earlier than in males by 1-2 years. 100%
complete fusion around elbow joint in females occurs at 16-17 years whereas in males it
is seen at 18-19years. 100% complete fusion around wrist joint is seen in females of age
group 18-19 years whereas it is just the lower end of ulna that shows complete fusion in
males at the same age as females.

Green Manure Crops Effects On Cotton Growth, Development And Productivity At Different Terms

Kenjaev yunus; jabbarov zafarjon; makhammadiev samad; makhkamova dilafruz; Turdibaev damir; Oripov razzak

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 235-246

If in the control-green manure without crop experiment variants, the plant height was
80.6-79.1 cm, the yield horn was 14.2-14.1 pieces, the average joint spacing of the main
stem was 4.1-4.3 cm, the main stem thickness was 1.78-1.76 cm, when green manure crops
were applied, the agronomic soil properties and characteristics were positive for the plant,
coordinated the cotton growth and development, the plants were found to be relatively
vigorous and healthy growing and developing. This pattern was repeated in all
experimental years, and the data were observed in an analogous manner.
When green manure crops were applied in summer and autumn, the cotton
verticillium wilt incidence was reduced. This condition was observed throughout the
growth period. This, barley acted like rapeseed. For example, in the summer control-green
manure cropless variant, 4.9% of cotton plants were infected with verticillium wilt on July
15, 9.3% on August 1, and 13.3% on August 15, pea variant 4.5; 8.1; 12.4%, 3.8; 7.2;
11.8% in the chick-pea variant, respectively, raps variant 2.4; 5.1; 8.3%, barley variant was
2.7; 5.3; 8.9%.
In particular, in the fall, the control-green manure without crop variant was 5.8%
on July 15, 10.2% on August 1, and 14.8% on August 15, while the pea variant was 5.28.9;
13.1%, respectively; chick-pea variant was 4.8; 8.6; 12.1%, raps variant was 2.6; 5.3; 8.6%,
and 3.0; 5.8; 9.3% in the barley variant.
In the control-green manure cropless experiment variant, the yield was 35.1s/ha,
while in the green manure management variant 5.5-8.6 s/ha was obtained. In the
experiment, the highest yield (43.7 s/ha) and the most reliable additional yield (8.6 s/ha)
were obtained in the raps planted variant as a green manure crop, 42.8; 40.8 and 40.6 s/ha
yields were observed in barley, chick-pea and pea variants planted as green manure crops,

Family Empowerment Development Based on Health Promotion Model on Early Detection of Children's Growth And Development

Rekawati Susilanungrum; Sri Utami; Nursalam Nursalam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 1167-1178

Introduction: Community empowerment has an important role for the health promotion strategies that allows the process of providing information to individuals, families or groups continuously to build awareness and shows changes in behavior. This study aims to analyze the development of family empowerment based on a health promotion model in early detection of child development.
Method: This type of research was an exploratory research, with a cross sectional design. The sample in this study were some families who have children aged 0-72 months in the Surabaya City Health Center working area. The number of the sample in this study was calculated based on the rule of the thumb sample size formula.The sampling technique was carried out by multistage random sampling. After finding the model, strategic issues will be found. Furthermore, FGDs and expert discussions were conducted to find empirical models.
Results: The results of statistical testing show that all variables show a calculated T value above 1.96 with a positive value, which indicates that these variables have an effect and increase. The results of R-Square of commitment (79.3%),cognition behavior (5.6%), Basic value (56.7%), appraisal (70.5%) and ability (46.2%), it shows that the latent variables can be explained by each of the observational variables. Conclusion: The family empowerment model can to improve the ability to detect early growth and development disorders, the highest research shows strong results on the influence of basic values on assessment and the effect of commitment on one's ability

Influence Of Pre-Sowing Treatment Of Seeds On Growth, Development And Productivity Of Soybean Varieties

Solieva D.V.; Aripov A.O.; Safarov A.K.; Safarov K.S.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 921-928

The article presents the results of the action of ultraviolet rays and low-frequency electromagnetic radiation on seed germination, growth, development and yield of soybean varieties. The combined action of the studied factors on seeds led to an increase in seed germination, which depended on the shelf life of the seeds and the exposure of the impact. A reduction in the growing season by 3-7 days of the studied soybean varieties is shown. An increase in the productivity of soybean plants was revealed depending on the methods of pre-sowing seed treatment.