Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Autopsy, Demographic variables

Evaluation of pattern of hanging cases in Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh: An original research

Dr. Divyesh Saxena, Dr. Sarthak Juglan, Dr. Jitendra Singh Tomar, Dr. Shailendra Patel

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 1104-1109

Aim: The purpose of the present research was to assess the patterns of hanging cases in Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh.
Methodology: Present prospective study of hanging cases was carried out at Mortuary of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology department, Gajra Raja Medical College, Gwalior (M.P) between Jan 2020 – Dec 2021.  A total of 4291 cases were autopsied of which 495 cases were of hanging which were included in the present research. The findings were recorded and analysis was done to find out age and sex distribution, type of hanging, level of ligature mark, type of ligature material used and reasons of suicide etc.
Results: In the present study 31 to 40 year was the most commonly involved age group followed by 21-30 years and 41-50 years in which male outnumbered the female. Complete hanging was seen in 75% deaths. Nylon rope was the most commonly used material for hanging. Evidence of salivary stains around the angle of mouth was present in 36.56% of the cases. In 78.18% of cases the ligature mark was present above the level of thyroid cartilage. The most common reason for hanging deaths was the family disputes (42.82%). The incidence of hanging was more common in Married people than unmarried people.
Conclusion: Middle age group population between 31–40 years are more susceptible victims of suicides by hanging which constitutes about 31.31% of total cases.
Suicide; Hanging; Autopsy, Demographic variables