Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Aravik, Havis

Reviews Herbert Marcuse's Thoughts On Critical Theory

Nur Khasanah; Fatah Syukur; Abdul Wahib; Achmad Irwan Hamzani; Havis Aravik

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6566-6575

Critical theory was one of the most phenomenal philosophical discussions of the late 19th century. The critical theory was initiated by the Frankfurt School with one of its characters being Herbert Marcuse. Marcuse analyzed various social inequalities due to the industrialization of technology capitalism. This research will review Herbert Marcuse's thoughts on critical theories. This research uses a philosophical short article, which is to study Herbert Marcuse's thinking in an ideal state. Data used in secondary data and analyzed descriptively qualitatively. The results showed that Herbert Marcuse was an inspiration for the 'new left' movement and the first generation of the Frankfurt School. Marcuse's doctrine of the political system and social system was very radical from orthodox communists. Capitalism society was the source of Herbert Marcuse's study, which was regarded as a modern society. Herbert Marcuse criticized the capitalist society that gave rise to a One Dimensional Society that was largely drugged by various false and pseudo interests. Social democracy was also criticized by Marcuse. Ideally, social democracy contains humanitarian values that uphold equality, justice, and freedom.

The New Direction of Islamic Economics: Review of Masudul Alam Choudhury's Thought

Achmad Irwan Hamzani; Imawan Sugiharto; Kanti Rahayu; Toni Haryadi; Imam Asmarudin; Havis Aravik; Nur Khasanah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 4097-4107

Islamic economic development is increasingly massif. More and more new theories about the Islamic economy developed by Islamic economists. One of them is Masudul Alam Choudhury. This study discusses the new direction of Islamic economics and its contribution to contemporary economic development initiated by Masudul Alam Choudhury. This research uses the philosophical approach and qualitative data analyst. The results of this study show that the main problem of Islamic economics is still stuck in the doctrine of neo-classical and neo-liberal that squeezes in the form of the methodology used. It is necessary to rebuild the main principles of the Islamic economy; tawhid and brotherhood. Tauhid became the beginning and end of all economic practices. Brotherhood is the real goal. The principle of work and productivity is raised by having to work as part of worship. The principle of distribution income as part of a productive transformation to increase people's income and welfare. The economic and financial dimension is not only empirical but moral to be “homo Islamicus” is not “homo economicus”. Aspects of Islamic economic methodology as a study that is never completed. Choudhury offers the “Shuratic Process” methodology, which is the process of uniting views on a problem that occurs in human life. Choudhury conceptualizes Islamic political economy through the application of the paradigm of tauhid in the political economy so that it can display alternative thinking from various conventional economic models today. Islamic economic policy is oriented towards the elimination of usury, implementation of profit-share, and institutionalization of zakat, as well as the prohibition of israf. The direction of the Islamic economy will be bright and could be an alternative to the contemporary economy.

The Legal Politics of Environmental Conservation as an Effort to Maintain Natural Health

Havis Aravik; Nur Rohim Yunus; Abbas Sofwan Matlail Fajar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 424-432

The environment is an important component of human life and is one main study in in Islamic economic politics and legal politics in Indonesia. This study discusses the concept of environmental conservation in the perspective of Islamic economic politics and legal politics in Indonesia. This study is a qualitative research using the library research method. The results of this study have proven that environmental conservation is essential for humans to create benefits for people and avoid harm due to environmental damage. In Islamic economic politics, the rules on environmental conservation are found in the fiqh of environment, which is a standard reference for all Muslims. In Indonesia, such rules are regulated in the Law No. 32 of 2009 concerning the environment.