Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : adults

Socio-demographic profile and risk factors of non-communicable diseases in Warangal, Telangana: Epidemiological study using WHO stepwise approach

Niharika Lakkoju, Vaseem Anjum, Vandana Pandit

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 1168-1178

Background: Non-communicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition of non-infectious and non-transmissible nature. NCDs may be chronic diseases of long duration and slow progression. This study was carried out to assess the socio-demographic profile and risk factors of non-communicable diseases using WHO stepwise approach among adults.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 400 adults during the period from 1st September 2015 to 31st August 2016. Study tools included a WHO stepwise approach questionnaire, Sphygmomanometer, weighing scale, non-stretchable tape and stethoscope. The data was entered and tabulated in MS-Excel 2007 and statistical analysis was performed by using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS 22.0) and p<0.05 is considered as statistical significance.
Results: Majority belonged to 50-59 years, of which 280 (70%) were illiterates. About 319(79.8%) were married, most of them resided in nuclear families with 350 (87.5%).Many were engaged in unskilled labor mainly agricultural activities with 196(49%) and unemployment 113(28.3%). Majority was from upper lower class, followed by lower class.
Conclusion: Proportion of tobacco smoking among the study participants was 123(30.8%) in which 118(29.5%) were males and the association between smoking and gender was statistically significant. Alcohol use (59.5%) which was high among the rural population of Wardhanapet, in which males consume more amount of alcohol than females and these difference present at significant levels. Overall physical activity is high among the study participants as heavy workers were found to be (28.8%) and these differences with gender were present at significant level.



European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1737-1741

The number of adult patients seeking orthodontic treatment has increased over the past few years. While treating adult patients various factors like their psychosocial factors and systemic factors have to be considered in addition apart from the regular treatment planning. Also while treating the adult patients an interdisciplinary approach is often necessary. The treatment for adults differ from that of adolescent patients and has certain limitations to it.Hence the aim of this review article is to throw light on the various limitations of adult orthodontics.


Shreejha M. V; Kavitha. S; Vishnu Priya. V; Gayathri. R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 311-323

Introduction: There has been a global rise in the use of natural products and natural medicine among
people. Proper regulation of natural medicine and products ensure good quality to control standards,
enhance the consumers safety that facilitate their modern healthcare system, mainly because of their lack
of side effects.
Aim: The aim of the study is to determine the knowledge, awareness and attitude, towards natural
medicine and products among adults.
Materials and methods :A cross sectional study was conducted among the adults [101people]. The
questionnaire was circulated online through google forms and the collected data were analysed using SPSS
software. The Pearson Chi square test was done in association with the gender of the respondents.
Results: The survey results showed that 79.2% of the people have knowledge about natural medicine.
90.1% of the participants believe natural medicines are effective, 75% of the participants use natural
medicine products in their regular life, 61.4% said natural medicine is more effective than pills.
Conclusion: The present study showed that the awareness and knowledge on natural medicine among
adults is quite good.


Abdulrahman Saleh Alaql, khalid Nassir Ahmed Balbaid, Ahmad Sami Alnajjar, Ahmed Muslem Almehmadi, Ahmed Awadh Salem Alghamdi, FaizHamed Althobaiti Mazen Muslim Muhammad AlMatrafi, Ammar Abdulhaq Ahmed Alshaikh, HamdanKallabAabdan Alqurashi, Mohammed JaberJobaier Al Omairi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 256-267

Adequate nutrition is essential for maintaining health and well-being. Apart from nutrition intake through diet, supplement use is prevalent worldwide, supplements are commonly used to replenish the body with essential nutrients that are important in regulating the body’s metabolic processes, The use of supplements, which may be defined as multi-vitamins, single vitamins, single minerals, herbal supplements, oil supplements and any other dietary supplementation, the economic boom in Saudi Arabia indirectly, prompted the use of dietary supplements in the last two decades. Must to investigate the prevalence of dietary supplement use and its association with socio demographic. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a fast growing economic country that has affected its general population in various ways including a transition in daily lifestyle patterns and dietary intake habits.
Aim of thestudy: to Assessment of the prevalence of Using Dietary Supplements Among Physically Active Adults in Makkah ALMukarramah 2019.
 Method:Cross-sectional study design. The current study was conducted at   Sports and Physiotherapy Center and fitness time centers at Holy Capital of Makkah, during the October to December, 2019,Our total participants were (400).
 Results: that a significant difference between age and using supplements in the study while Chi-square 24.413& p-value= 0.001. Most age of participants use supplements from 23-35years were constitute (30.0 %), the gender that no significant difference between using supplements and gender in the study while Chi-square 1.437& p-value 0.911 less than 0.05 , regarding education show that significant difference between education status and using supplements in the study while Chi-square 14.827& p-value more than P=0.022.
.Conclusion: Supplements were commonly used among female students, The prevalence of dietary supplement use was high and was significantly associated with socio demographic and lifestyle factors.A substantial proportion of populations take supplements. Further investigation into the social, psychological and economic determinants that motivate the use of supplements is required, to ensure appropriate use of supplements among adults and the most commonly used supplements.