Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : vaginal administration Introduction

A prospective comparation of outcome of labour induction with vaginal misoprostol and intravenous oxytocin in term pre-labour rupture of membranes

Priyadharshini Durairaju, Pritamkumar Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 2100-2104

Aim and Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of vaginally administered misoprostol 25mg with intravenous oxytocin for labor induction in term prelabour rupture of membranes.
The subjects with rupture of membranes without labor were assigned to receive either vaginally administered misoprostol 25 micrograms or intravenous oxytocin infusion this prospective study was conducted during February 2014 to January 2016 in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, India.
Results and Observation: Of the 192 subjects 96 received intravaginal misoprostol and 96 received intravenous oxytocin It was observed that the average interval from start of induction to delivery was about one hour shorter in misoprostol group (12.58+4.08 hours vs 14.00+3.31 hrs) than in oxytocin group (P=0.05). Vaginal delivery occurred in 82 misoprostol treated group and in 80 oxytocin treated group (85.4% vs 83.3%, P= 0.691).Caesarean section was done in 14 of misoprostol treated subjects and in 16 oxytocin treated subjects (14.6% vs 16.7%) which is not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Vaginal administration of misoprostol is an effective alternative to oxytocin infusion for labor induction in women with prelabour rupture of the membranes at term.