Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Azithromycin group was proved to have better effect regarding symptoms

Comparative study to evaluate the efficacy of oral azithromycin and oral doxycycline in refractory meibomian gland dysfunction

Dr. Kainat Chaudhary, Dr. Charu Jain, Dr. V.K. Malik

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 407-414

Aim: To assess the efficacy and safety profile or oral azithromycin with oral doxycycline
in patients with refractory meibomian gland dysfunction.
Material and method: This prospective randomized control study comprised of 60
patients attending the outpatient Department of Ophthalmology at Subharti Medical
College. All cases underwent a detailed evaluation including visual acquity, anterior
segment slit lamp examination of lid margins, tear minuscus, conjunctiva, cornea and
tear film. Patients aged 18-70 were included in the study and the age matched
randomization was done in two groups i.e. Group A (Oral Azithromycin 500mg on day
1 and then 250mg per day for next 4 days) and Group B (Doxycycline 100mg twice a
day for 7 days and then 100mg once a day for next 21 days). All patients underwent
complete ophthalmic examination and the signs and symptom scores were recorded
prior to the treatment subsequently at 1 month, 3 months and 6 months post treatment.
Results: At last follow-up, there was distinct improvement in all the symptoms and
mean score of all the signs in both the groups. The decrease in mean score was more in
group A as compared to group B, however statistically significant was found in bulbar
conjunctival redness, meibomian gland plugging, eyelid margin redness and ocular
surface staining. Side effects were more in Doxycycline group as compared to
Azithromycin group.