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Research Article

Chemotherapeutic effect of 3, 3′-Diindolylmethane encapsulated chitosan nanoparticles on 7, 12-Dimethylbenz (a) anthracene induced mammary cancer – A dose dependent study

Authors:

Stainsloss Isabella ,

Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India, IN
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Sankaran Mirunalini

Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar – 608 002, Tamilnadu, India, IN
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Abstract

Breast cancer is the second most prevalent cancer among women and its incidence is amplifying alarmingly. Since genetic factors are believed to account for only 10% of the reported cases, remaining the environmental factors, including diet are thought to play a significant role in predisposing breast cancer. Many bioactive compounds have been reported for their anticancer potential. One among the bioactive compound 3, 3′-Diindolylmethane (DIM) is a phytochemical possess a wide array of pharmacological activities such as anti-proliferative and anti-oxidant properties. Its properties such as poor water solubility and low bioavailability have hampered its clinical development.

Therefore, it is a great interest to study whether the nano formulation for DIM with chitosan for its enhanced potential, the present study was aimed to evaluate the chemotherapeutic potential of 3, 3′- Diindolylmethane encapsulated chitosan nanoparticles (DIM@CS-NP) on 7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) induced mammary carcinoma in rats. DMBA was induced in a single subcutaneous injection of 25 mg/ kg body weight to each rat. In the present study, we investigated the altered activities of lipid peroxidation, enzymatic antioxidants (SOD, CAT, GPx) and non- enzymatic antioxidant (GSH) in plasma, liver and mammary tissue, supported by histopathological study of mammary tissues. We evaluated the changes in the body weight of control and experimental animals. There was a significant decrease in the final body weight of tumor bearing animals, when compared to control animals. Also, we observed a diminished cellular antioxidant status and the elevated oxidant levels in plasma, liver, mammary tissues of DMBA induced rats. However, administration of DIM@CS-NP significantly increased the mean final body weight when compared with DMBA induced animals. Oral supplementation of different doses of DIM@CS-NP (0.5, 1, 2 mg/kg BW), significantly renovated the activities of cellular antioxidants and ultimately diminished the levels of lipid peroxidation, which pointed towards suppression of preneoplastic lesions, thereby reduced the cancer risk, and significant improvement in the levels of enzymatic (SOD, CAT, GPx) and non- enzymatic antioxidant (GSH) in the plasma, liver and mammary tissue. Based on the above finding we conclude the nano formulation of DIM provides a novel therapeutic regime for mammary cancer.

Focal points:

• Benchside

    ○ Oxidants, antioxidant status and histopathological examination of mammary tumor tissue are necessary to determine the chemotherapeutic potential of DIM@CS-NP on experimental induced rat mammary carcinoma.

• Bedside

    ○ Ingestion of DIM@CS-NP may reduce the severity of DMBA induced tumor bearing animals. More over nanoformulated drug delivery systems from biocompatible and biodegradable polymers contributes an evolving approach in drug delivery and tumor targeting.

• Industry

○ New formulated compounds from cruciferous vegetables consider one of the best chemotherapeutic potential for various malignancies.

• Community

    ○ The development of nano formulated products with chemotherapeutic potential by pharmaceutical industry could provide local economic benefits as well as patient convenience.

• Regulatory agencies

    ○ Nano formulated drug products produced from the cruciferous vegetables for better improvement in drug delivery and sustained drug release system are certain advantages compared to conventional form of drug dosages, as they can minimize side effects, and also prolong the efficacy of the drug. This will need to be taken for labelling and pattering the nanoformulated compounds and tested in clinical trials.
How to Cite: Isabella, S. & Mirunalini, S., (2016). Chemotherapeutic effect of 3, 3′-Diindolylmethane encapsulated chitosan nanoparticles on 7, 12-Dimethylbenz (a) anthracene induced mammary cancer – A dose dependent study. New Horizons in Translational Medicine. 3(1), pp.1–8. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.nhtm.2016.04.001
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Published on 26 Apr 2016.
Peer Reviewed

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