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Research Article

The role of chemical elements in melanoma


Angelo M. Facchiano ,

National Research Council, Institute of Food Science, Avellino, Italy
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Francesco Facchiano,

Department of Hematology, Oncologyand Molecular Medicine, Istituto Superioredi Sanità, Rome, Italy
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Antonio Facchiano

Istituto Dermopatico dell’Immacolata, IDI-IRCCS, via Montidi Creta 104, 00167 Rome, Italy
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Publication of several studies attest the growing interest to investigate the real impact chemical elements and industrial pollution may have on the human health.

In the current study we present novel data referring to the occurrence of the name of all chemical elements taken from the Mendeleev table, in the title of PubMed indexed melanoma articles. Nine hundred fifty four manuscripts were found to have in the title field the “melanoma” word and at least one of the 117 chemical elements.

The occurrence of each chemical element in melanoma articles was then compared to the occurrence in epithelioma articles and squamous cell carcinoma articles, unrevealing substantial quantitative differences. Manuscripts having “skin” in the title were used as control manuscripts. The 10 elements most studied in melanoma manuscripts were found to be iodine, oxygen, ruthenium, boron, calcium, carbon, sodium, zinc, iron and technetium, accounting for more than 50% of the 954 identified manuscripts. In all such cases, the occurrence in melanoma manuscripts was found to be largely different as compared to epithelioma articles, as well as squamous cell carcinoma articles.

The role of each of these elements in melanoma is discussed.

Focal points


•           Bedside

The ten most common elements identified to play key roles in melanoma are shown here to be different from the ten most common found in other control conditions, such as epithelioma or other skin cancers.

•           Benchside

New ways are necessary to organize the immense literature data currently available and to collect it in an ordered, systematic manner, easy to read and to interpret.

•           Industry

Systematic searches in PubMed -indexed literature leading to ordered outputs may facilitate the interpretation of published data. In the present study the role each chemical element plays in melanoma has been investigated by exhaustive searches in PubMed -indexed literature.

•           Governments

There is an increasing interest to investigate the impact chemical elements and industrial pollution have on the human health.

How to Cite: Facchiano, A.M., Facchiano, F. and Facchiano, A., 2014. The role of chemical elements in melanoma. European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2(3), pp.73–80. DOI:
Published on 27 Nov 2014.
Peer Reviewed


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