Review: Speed Breeding a Ray of hope for the future generation in terms of food security
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 2653-2658
AbstractSpeed breeding has revolutionized whole of the world in today’s era. The first ever speed breeding procedure was developed through an inspiration from NASA which was adopted by the University of Queensland scientists. Speed breeding is a protocol which enables plant breeders to enhance the crop production changing the temperature and light duration and intensity to enhance the growth of the plant. It is using artificial source of light that too continuously which triggersthe photosynthesis process results in the growth and the process of reproduction comes very early as compared to normal timing. The researches show that by Speed breeding techniques we can grow approximately 6 generations of wheat, chickpea & barley and around 4 generations of canola plants in a single year. This will help us to meet the demands of the growing population of future. This can be accomplished through various technologies such as genotyping, MAS, highthroughput phenotyping; gene editing, genomic selection ,re-domestication which can be integrated with speed breeding to enable plant breeders to keep up with a evolving climate and ever-increasing human population.
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