Characteristic of Diabetic Reinopathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Thai Binh Medical University Hospital
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1956-1961
AbstractObjective: to study the characteristics of the diabetic retinopathy and some related factors in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Subject and Research Methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study on 80 patients with type 2 diabetes to be examined and treated at the Internal Medicine Department of Thai Binh Medical University Hospital from January to December 2019.
The percentage of patients with damage to the retina accounts for 42.5%; of which, 38.8% were non-proliferative retinopathy, 17.5% were macular disease, 2.5% were pre-proliferative retinopathy and 1.2% were proliferative retinopathy.
The risk of retinal damage increased higher in women than in men; the OR coeffecient of subgroups, namely age ≥ 70 years; diabetic duration ≥ 10 years; BMI ≥ 23 (kg/m2), hypertension, was 1.4; 2.5; 4.0; 4.5; 2.5, respectively. Patients with blood glucose ≥ 7 mmol/L, HbA1c ≥ 7%; total cholesterol > 5.2 mmol/L, triglyceride > 1.88 mmol/L had higher risk of retinopathy with OR coefficient of 2.3; 2.5; 3.2; 2.0, respectively. Patients who were non-compliance with treatment had 3.8 times higher risk of retinopathy than those who complied with treatment.
Conclusion: the percentage of patients with retinopathy was 42.5%, the risk of retinopathy increased in patients with one of the following characteristics: female, age ≥ 70 years, duration of diabetes ≥ 10 years, BMI ≥ 23 (kg / m2), hypertension, blood glucose concentration ≥ 7 mmol/L, HbA1c ≥ 7%; cholesterol> 5.2 mmol/L, triglyceride> 1.88 mmol/L.
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