Document Type : Research Article
BACKGROUND- Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the commonest bacterial infectious disease among community practice with a high rate of morbidity and financial cost. Urinary tract infection is also the most common site of hospital infection, accounting for more than 40% of nosocomial infections (estimated to be 600,000 patients per year) reported by acute care given hospitals.1 Many study reported early half of all women will have a UTI once in their lives.2 And one third of women will have had at least one UTI by age 24 years.3 Simple, uncomplicated UTIs are quite common in women ages 20 to 504.
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the incidence of UTI among hostel girls(of Jayoti Vidyapeeth University,Jaipur(Raj.)who were using Indian toilets vs Western toilets.
METHOD: A cross sectional study carried out where total residential 80 students were participated after meeting theinclusion and exclusion criteria whereas one group of 40 students were using usually western toilet and another group of 40 students Indian toilets. They were allocated UTIS questionnaire to identify incidence of UTI for past two months.
STUDY SETTING:Girls Hostel ,Jayoti Vidyapeeth University,Jaipur, Rajasthan.
STUDY DURATION: Two months from January to February 2020.
RESULTS & DISCUSSION: The occurrence of UTI more prevalent in girls who were in the habit of using western toilets, that was, 78.2% (21/35) and less common in those girls who were using Indian toilet that was, 21.7%. A higher incidence of girls that is, 65.2% were using toilet only 1–3 times in a day in whom the prevalence ofUTI was also found to be the highest. The recurrence of episode is found more as episode >1 in last three months in 60.9% students using western toilet,whereas this was only 20% students,using Indian toilet.
CONCLUSION: This study revealed high incidence of UTI present among western toilet users comparative to Indian toilet users and more recurrence of UTI episode also found in western toilet users . This result was based on small sample size so for application of a larger population this results need to be validated large scale and multicentric trial.