A Comparative Study in the Dimensions of the Psychological Adjustment according to the Obesity among Secondary School Students in Amara City
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 388-399
AbstractObesity is widely prevalent in both developed and developing countries as indicated by the world health organization (WHO). Obesity is a threat to human health and contributes to many chronic diseases including stress, diabetes, heart disease, and joint diseases, which in turn negatively affect individuals’ psychological health.
Also, obesity is a disease of the age, and it is a type of malnutrition, and a pathological phenomenon, especially in developing countries, as it was the result of changing the quality of meals and the availability of fattened foods (that lead to obesity), and obesity is not, as it comes to mind, a problem for adults, but it is a problem for children. Is spreading.
The adolescence stage is one of the ages in which nutrition plays an important role because of the individual's needs of nutrients to meet the rapid growth. Adolescents have incorrect eating habits that contradict their needs. This result from their being affected by their friends, and their dependence on fast foods, and the high calories these foods contain which may lead to health problems, such as obesity and its complications.
As a result of these changes, adolescents may be associated with some psychological problems, such as personal incompatibility as a result of a change in the body shape such as increasing height. In this sense, Al-Shazly mentions that a person is in a state of constant interaction with his/her environment and may fail to achieve adjustment and among the reasons for this failure is the change in body shape in terms of excess height, excess shortness, thinness, or obesity. All these changes occur in adolescence as a result of rapid growth processes (12).
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