Comparative Analysis For The Presence And Intensity Of TMD Symptoms In Skeletal Class I Malocclusion, Skeletal Class II Horizontal Malocclusion & Skeletal Class II Vertical Malocclusion Using Helkimo And Craniomandibular Index. A Study Protocol
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2113-2118
AbstractAbstract: Background: Healthy dentition is a pre requisite for good esthestic, phonectics
and self-esteemed of an individual. In India 40-80% of population have one or the other
class of malocclusion with varying severity. There are various methods used of evaluation
of TMJ dysfunction like tomogram, MRI, but Helkimo is a pioneer in developing indices
by which severity can be clinical evaluated Temporomandibular disorder is a multifactorial
disease. Awareness regarding this is an important aspect in today’s scenario. In
Orthodontic practice awareness regarding TMD is utmost important. A parallel group trial
study is to analyze & compare presence and intensity of TMD symptoms in skeletal class I,
class II (vertical & horizontal) using Helkimo and Craniomandibular index. This study
will help us in day to day Orthodontic practice.
Objective: Evaluation of presence & intensity of TMD symptoms in skeletal class I, class II
(vertical & horizontal) cases using Helkimo index & Craniomandibular index.
Evaluation of presence & intensity of TMD symptoms in skeletal class I, class II (vertical
& horizontal) cases using Craniomandibular index
Material and methods: Total 90 patients (Class I, Class II (vertical & horizontal)), in age
range of 14-25 years, will be selected.
For every patient, Helkimo and craniomandibular index will be taken. Scores will be
recorded and will be compared. The results compared will give us which skeletal pattern is
prone for TMD.
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