Document Type : Research Article
To assess prevalance of hearing loss and tinnitus among Diabetes mellitus type 2 patients in the cross-sectional study.
Materials and Methods: 120 patients were divided into groups based on their age, gender, the duration of their diabetes mellitus (10 years), and the types of diabetic medications they were using. In a soundproof room, thorough otoscopy examinations of their ears were performed, along with the tuning fork test, PTA, and other tests. A questionnaire was used to assess tinnitus.
Results: The total no.of diabetic patients considered for this study are 120. Out of which, 76 patients were identified with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). In these SHNL patients,48 were identified with mild SNHL(63.15%), 22 patients with moderate SNHL(28.94%), 2 with moderate severe SNHL(2.63%) and 4 patients with severe SNHL (5.26%).Tinnitus is seen in 35 patients (29.16%).The association of age (p=0.21) and sex (p=0.58) with Hearing loss (HL) and tinnitus were not statistically significant. Nevertheless, the duration of diabetes mellitus in relation to these ailments were statistically significant (p=0.07).
Conclusion: The patients with Diabetic mellitus were having higher degree of hearing threshold with B/L mild to moderate SNHL. Age and Gender of diabetic mellitus patients had no major correlation with HL and tinnitus. While the duration had major correlation with HL and tinnitus. These results infer that there is more prevalence of hearing impairment and tinnitus and develop at an earlier age in type 2 diabetes patients