Document Type : Research Article
Background: To analyse outcomes of feto-maternal among pregnant hypothyroid women.
Materials & methods: A total 50 subjects were enrolled. Out of the total, 15 subjects were diagnosed with hypothyroidism. Routine hematological parameters and estimation of T3, T4 and TSH was conducted. Estimation for TSH was conducted using the Enhanced Chemiluminescence method. Fetal outcomes include LBW (neonatal birth weight less than 2.5 kg). The data was analysed using SPSS software. The test was considered significant only when the p value is less than 0.05.
Results: 15 subjects with hypothyroidism were enrolled. Of the women with hypothyroidism, 26.6% had anaemia, and the association between occurrence of hypothyroidism and anaemia was statistically significant (p = 0.009). Preeclampsia was observed in 13.4% of women, and the association between occurrence of hypothyroidism and preeclampsia was statistically significant (p = 0.04).
Conclusion: Anemia, pre-eclampsia, high caesarean rates and neonatal morbidities is significantly associated with hypothyroidism.