Document Type : Research Article
Background: Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. The aim of the study was to find out the incidence of different types of strokes and the associated risk factors .
Methods: The study dealt with 100 patients of stroke who were admitted to Rangaraya Medical college ,Andhra Pradesh. Each patient was analyzed in detail about clinical presentation and the investigations were aimed to establish the pathologic type of stroke and estimation of risk factors.
Results: Stroke incidence was more in males (Male: Female= 2.57:1). Maximum incidence of stroke was in 6th decade (34%) followed by 5th decade (25%). Among modifiable risk factors, history of hypertension was the commonest (79%) followed by Diabetes (62% patients) ,smoking (15%) and ,alcohol(15%)exclusively, found in males. Facial weakness was the most common presentation (88%) followed by hemiparesis(85%). Chest X-ray was abnormal in 17% patients, abnormal ECG was found in 36% patients .
Conclusions: Apart from control of hypertension and diabetes, abnormal lipid profile remains an important modifiable risk factor for stroke. Keywords: Stroke, Risk factor