Document Type : Research Article
Background: Obesity is a major public health problem that results in decreased life expectancy, especially in younger age groups. Both lipid and blood sugar are found to be deranged in people who are obese for a long period of time. Obesity is a metabolic disorder and its outcome is due to multiple interactions between genes, lifestyle and the environment. This study aims at measuring and correlating values of serum cholesterol, HDL and LDL levels in obese and non-obese individuals.
Material and methods: A total number of 100 individuals of the age group between 18-29 years, coming for health check-ups at L.N. Medical College and J.K. Hospital, Bhopal were selected for the study. They were divided into groups. One group with BMI over 25 is considered an obese group, and another with a BMI less than 25 is considered a non-obese group. Fasting blood samples were analyzed for blood cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL).
Results: A significant increase in levels of Serum Cholesterol, Triglycerides and LDL and a significant decrease in HDL in obese young adult males and females were observed. The young adult obese have relatively larger changes in serum lipids at any given level of obesity. The study has documented several lipid profile abnormalities among obese and non-obese subjects.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the presence of statistically significant changes in fat proportions is considered a risk factor for Heart, blood vessels and obesity in central India