Document Type : Research Article
INTRODUCTION: -Heart failure is among key reasons of hospitalizations throughout the world. Prevalence is 1% among the ages of 50 and 59 years, gradually growing to >10% over age of 80 years. In patients with heart failure, concomitant and notable renal impairment is prevalent. Heart failure is increasingly being classified as a type of cardiorenal failure, in which there are contemporaneous cardiac and renal dysfunctions, each of which accelerates the progress of the other.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:-To study the etiology, risk factors and clinical outcomes of heart failure and cardiorenal syndrome.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: - The present study is an observational study conducted at Sri Aurobindo medical college and Post Graduate Institute, Hospital ,Indore on 75 patients admitted in Medicine ward, Medicine emergency and Medicine ICU.
RESULTS:-The major risk factor which associated with mortality was coronary artery disease 73.5%.Type 2 diabetes mellitus was present in 62.5% patients while hypertension in 42.7%. Smoking was the risk factor in 46.2% and alcohol in 41.7% patients, COPD was present in 8.2% cases. NYHA grade 4 was more common and was seen in 79.2% while NYHA grade 3 in 22.8% cases.
CONCLUSION: Cardiorenal syndrome is very common in people who have heart failure. Patients with heart failure who have had two or more previous hospitalizations, sepsis, history of CAD and hypothyroidism are more likely to develop cardiorenal syndrome. The development of cardiorenal syndrome is an independent predictor of frequent readmissions, In addition to longer hospitalization and slower recovery, under treatment of the cardiorenal syndrome has the potential to be fatal on an individual level and have massive public health repercussions.