Document Type : Research Article
Background: Pregnancy is commonly associated with thyroid disorders which have an impact on the fetal and maternal outcome. Among the various thyroid disorders, hypothyroidism is the commonest. There is a wide geographic variation in the prevalence of hypothyroidism. It varies from 2.5% in the west to 11% in India. Prevalence of hypothyroidism was found to be more in Asian countries compared with the west. Therefore the present study was carried out to study the prevalence of thyroid disorders in pregnancy in our hospital. To study the prevalence and fetal and maternal outcome in thyroid disorders complicating pregnancy in a teaching hospital.
Materials and Methods: Prospective observational study was done in the department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology at Shadan Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre for duration of one year i.e., (April 2021- March 2022) which included thousand pregnant women.
Results: In our study, the prevalence of thyroid disorders was 10.6%. The incidence of Subclinical hypothyroidism was 9.1% and Overt Hypothyroidism was 1.1%, Sub-clinical hyperthyroidism was 0.3% and Overt Hyperthyroidism was 0.1%. The incidence of Pre-eclampsia was 15.09%, Anaemia 16.04%, Pre- term delivery 9.43%, LBW 11.32%, IUFD 2.83% and Caesarean deliveries 15.09% in 106 pregnant women with thyroid disorders.
Conclusion: Our study showed high prevalence of thyroid disorders 10.6%. Thyroid disorders in pregnancy are significantly associated with fetal and maternal complications. Universal screening of pregnant women for thyroid disorders should be considered in a country like India where there is a high prevalence of undiagnosed thyroid disorders.