Comparison of intravenous ketorolac and tramadol as Adjuvants in control of post-operative pain in patientsundergoing laparoscopic surgeries under general Anesthesia in a tertiary care hospital
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 2862-2870
AbstractAim and Objectives:To assess and compare the analgesic effects of adjuvants like
intravenous Ketorolac and Tramadol in laparoscopic surgeries on post-operative pain and
their side effects.
Methodology: In this quasi experimental study,after approval from ethical committee and
written informed consent taken from 90 patients of ASA physical status I,II of either sex
scheduled to undergo elective laparoscopic surgeries under general anaesthesia were
enrolled.Patients were randomly divided into one of the two groups of 45 patients each,
patient received either Ketorolac (Group K) or Tramadol (Group T) 30 minutes before
extubation. The degree of post-operative pain was assessed using VAS at 0, 2, 4 hours post
operatively upto 24 hours and the need of rescue analgesic and the side effects of both drugs.
Results: The pain score at 0 hours were more than 4 in both the groups.
Statisticalanalysisshowedasignificantdifferencebetweenthe2groups in the second and fourth
hour.Thereafter, the difference in pain scores in both Ketorolac group and Tramadol group
were not significant.
Conclusion: We conclude that both Ketorolac and Tramadol offer equal post-operative
analgesia while Ketorolac had lesser side effects when compared to Tramadol.
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