Profile of patients reported to emergency medicine department
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1073-1076
AbstractBackground: Health care is one of the basic needs of each community. Since considering
to healthcare and investing in this sector increases labor productivity and service
production, therefore, optimal resource allocation and use of resources is very important.
The present study was conducted for assessing the profile of patients reported to emergency
Materials & methods: A total of 500 patients were analysed who presented to emergency
department were included in the present study. Complete demographic and clinical details
of all the patients were obtained. Some patients requiring emergency intubation in the ER
were maintained on ventilator machine. Presenting complaints, personal details, and
medication history were recorded. These patients were followed until the tenth day of
hospitalization and outcome was determined. All the results were recorded in Microsoft
excel sheet and were analysed by SPSS software.
Results: Mean age of the patients reporting to the emergency department was 62.2 years.
Out of these 500 patients, 289 patients were males while the remaining 211 patients were
females. Mean pulse rate was less than 60 in 53 patients (16 percent of the patients).
Breathlessness and chest pain were most common presenting complaints found to be
present in 55 percent (275 patients) and 43 percent (215 patients) of the patients. Out of
500 patients, nature of disease was non-trauma in 483 patients (96.6 percent). Out of 500
patients, 439 patients (87.8 percent) were discharged while mortality occurred in 3 percent
of the patients (15 patients). The remaining patients were left against medical advice
Conclusion: Medical emergencies are common emergencies and hence a well-equipped ED
and proper training of emergency physicians and paramedical team in are paramount in
saving the lives of these patients.
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