Epidemiology and clinico-mycological profile of adult patients with Dermatophytosis, in a teaching hospital
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1058-1067
AbstractDermatophytosis is the most common superficial fungal infection also called as ‘ringworm’ or ‘tinea’. Prevalence of dermatophytosis in patients attending dermatology outpatient department (OPD) was 13% in India. Current study was undertaken in view of changing infection trends.
1) To know epidemiology of adult patients with dermatophytosis.
2) To know the distribution of clinical types by direct microscopy (Potassium Hydroxide mount/KOH mount) and culture.
3) To identify the causative fungal agents in various clinical types of dermatophytosis.
Material and methods: Cross sectional study was done in adult patients attending dermatology OPD during September 2019 to January 2020. Sample size calculated to be 102. Purposive sampling method was used. Skin scrapings, nail clippings and infected hair stubs were collected and subjected to microscopy and culture. Hair perforation test and urease test when required were done. Data on sociodemographic profile, clinical type and microbiological finding were recorded. Data analysed using SPSS version 20. Chi-square test was used.
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