Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Effect


A digital nursing care technology at effectiveness and efficiency studies of informal and formal care technologies

Edna Sweenie J, Gayathr,Sujitha,Vasantha Kumari. Mohana Priya, .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 1503-1516

Background: This discussion on technology as a possible solution to difficulties such as a lack of competent personnel and an increasing demand for long-term care necessitates an examination of digital technology in nursing care. We opted to conduct this research since there aren't many good empirical overviews of current technology in the literature. With this project, researchers wanted to map the field of digital technologies used in informal and formal healthcare settings that had already been studied for acceptability, effectiveness, and efficiency (AEE). They also wanted to show how widely these techniques have been applied and which populations and settings they have been used on. Methods: A complete literature search was conducted using Medline, Scopus, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, ACM Digital Library, IEEE Xplore, the Collection of Computer Science Bibliographies, GeroLit, and CareLit. In addition, relevant articles on project websites were personally examined

THE EFFECT OF OBESITY AND ITS ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS ON PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES WHO ATTEND IN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE CENTER IN MAKKAH AL-MOKARRAMAH 2021

Dalia Awad Eid Aljohani, Abdullah Ali Atoodi, Salem Mansour Algorashi, Abdullah Eidhah Mohammed Almalki, Ola Jameel Filfilan, Afnan Adnan Abdullah Bukhari, Meyaser Adnan Sembawah, Juman Maid Albajaly, Saeed Safran Husseen Al-Malki, Nisreen Mater Khader Allehyani, Ateeq Ali Naffaa Albeshri , Fahad Salem Alsolami

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 3006-3022

Background:
     Overweight and obesity constitute a global pandemic with devastating consequences that affect >2 billion people. Obesity plays a central role in morbidity and mortality of diseases of multiple organs and systems, and it is a major contributor to the growing incidence of type 2 diabetes. There is now sufficient level of evidence for the association between overweight and type 2 diabetes, among which are the most common type 2 diabetes worldwide.  Obesity results from a combination of personal and societal factors, but is often viewed as a character flaw rather than a medical condition. This leads to stigma and discrimination towards obese individuals and decreases the likelihood of effective intervention. Conditions related to obesity are increasingly common, such as metabolic syndrome, impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), all of which indicate high risk for type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet, and excessive alcohol intake also account for the burden of type 2 diabetes by promoting obesity. The risk of specific type 2 diabetes is also directly influenced, regardless of the magnitude of adiposity, by physical inactivity, consumption of red meat, processed meat and ultra-processed foods, dairy products, alcohol, whole grain cereals, nuts, vegetables, and fruits. The study aimed: To assess the effect of obesity and its associated risk factors on patients with type 2 diabetes who attend in primary health care center in Makkah al-Mokarramah 2021. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity who registered in the chronic disease clinic attended diabetes centre in Makkah at Saudi Arabia in 2021. Our total participants were (300).Results: the total number of participants was 300 were males and female. The participants were classified into 3 age groups, most of them were (54.3%)in the <30 years fallowed by 39-50 years were(29.3%),  regarding gender of  participated male were (70.3%), follow by female were(29.7 %), type of treatment do you use for diabetes, results show a significant relation between BMI and what type of treatment do you use for diabetes, also complications from diabetes, results show a significant relation between BMI and complications from diabetes, Physical activities or exercise, results show a significant relation between BMI and Physical activities or exercise. Eating a portion of fruit, results a significant relation between BMI and Eating a portion of fruit, eating a portion of vegetables, results show a significant relation between BMI and Eating a portion of vegetables Conclusion: Obesity is a highly prevalent comorbidity in type 2 diabetic patients.  Some modifiable risk factors were identified. Multidisciplinary effort is warranted to reduce obesity among type 2 diabetic patients.  appears to be a better indicator of diabetic risk than BMI. The combination of a low-calorie diet, increased physical activity, and behavioral therapy as the first-line intervention for weight loss should be stressed for the effective management of T2diabetic patients.

A real time hierarchical shift design process at nursing homes A 2-stage Technique

C. Rathiga,Jhansi Rani,V. Sujatha,Vasantha Kumari,Anusha .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 2437-2444

the demand for nursing homes has grown as a result of the ageing of the population. "Multi-shift, high time-varying demand, hierarchical and collaborative" characterizes nursing practice. The number of nurses needed in a 24-hour period will vary greatly depending on the time of day; hierarchical means that different levels of nurses' abilities exist; collaborative means that different levels of employees collaborate to serve the elderly. Because of the high time-varying demand, the number of nurses needed in a 24-hour period will vary greatly. SDP and hierarchical staffing issues are the focus of our research, which includes the design of each shift's time frame to accommodate demand times and how to deploy hierarchical employees to the shifts. The two-stage technique will be used to tackle the issue. In the first step, we construct the shift schedule and calculate the number of employees required for each shift based on the characteristics of high timevarying demand. According to the restrictions of hierarchical coordination and collaboration, we calculate the number of employees required for each shift at each level in the second step. Different demand variations are studied and useful conclusions are made from the sensitivity analysis. Our findings may help nursing facilities cope with increased demands and personnel shortages by providing efficient decision-making tools and methodologies

Effects of rainfall variability on river discharge in Dawa river basin, Southern Ethiopia

Fekadu Temesgen Tesfaye

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 6002-6019

Understanding the link between river flow and rainfall is crucial particularly in dryland areas where there is high spatial and temporal rainfall variability. The purpose of this study is to show the link between rainfall variability and river discharge in Dawa river basin in southern Ethiopia. In order to analyze the surface hydrological effect of rainfall variability, historical rainfall and river flow data from 1972 and 2017 were used. The rainfall data were obtained from the Ethiopian Meteorological Agency, whereas the river flow data was obtained from the Ethiopian Water Resource Agency. The link between rainfall variability and river flow was modeled using linear regression model. During the 1972 - 2017 period, in all seasons, the temporal trends of the rainfall flow and the river flow show decreasing trends. In summer, winter, autumn and springs seasons the rainfall show decreasing trends with annual decrease of. 0.04 mm, 0.064 mm, 0.05 mm and 0.15 mm respectively. While the river flow show decreasing trends in summer, winter, autumn and springs seasons with annual decrease of 2.89 m3s-1, 0.26m3s-1, 1.08 m3s-1 and 0.41 m3s-1 respectively. The result shows that rainfall variability resulted in diminish river flow discharge in annual from the year1972 to 2017 in the study area. Thus, it is recommended that strategies should be designed by the agricultural experts for the agricultural sector for the impacts of declining and erratic nature of rainfall and decreasing trends of river flow in to consideration in their routine activities in the study
area.

Influence Of Lesbochol Dry Extract On The Current Of Experimental Nervo-Reflective Gastric Ultra

Allaeva M. Zh.; Dzhanaev G. Yu.; Khudoiberdiev Kh. I.; Mamadzhanova M. A.; Mustanov T. B.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2749-2753

It was proved that the studied new phytopreparation Lesbachol under experimental conditions exhibits a pronounced protective effect on the gastric mucosa. And so, under the influence of lesbachol, the area of ulceration decreases by 58.5%, and in the group of the studied drug to glycerol - by 32.7%. The results showed that lesbohol with small punctate ulcers compared with the control group was reduced 2.6 times, with large ulcers it was reduced 2.8 times, with striped ulcers 2.6 times, the total number of ulcers decreased 2.6 times ... Therefore, Lesbokhol, as a potential highly effective anti-ulcer agent, is of practical interest and can be recommended for the prevention and treatment of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.

EFFECT OF WET CUPPING USE AMONG PATIENTS COMPLAINING OF PAIN ATTENDED IN THE HIJAMA CLINIC MAKKAHAT SAUDI ARABIA 2019

Waleed Ibrahim Sindi, Abdulrahman Ahmed Alzhrani, Abdullah Marzooq Al Harbi, Fuad Shaker Rashad Zainy, Adnan Rubayan Obaid Alotaibi, Saleh Mousa Alzahrani Amna Adam Bakur Hawsawi, Sabah Saeed Abdallah AL-yateem, Majed Saad Siraj Alharthi, Safran Ibraheem Alharthy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 205-215

Wet cupping is a traditional and alternative treatment that is still used to reduce patients’ pain in several Eastern and European countries. It has been proven effective and has an essential role in reducing pain and as a treatment for many diseases in past studies. Nowadays, there is a growing interest in the field of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This discipline includes a diverse set of approaches used for prevention and treatment of many diseases. Several benefits of CAM have been proven, and it may be considered an effective modality for disease prevention, treatment of non-communicable diseases and for improving the quality of life of individuals with chronic medical conditions.2 Many patients who may not be satisfied with the outcomes of modern medicine, particularly those with chronic diseases, may be satisfied with the outcomes of CAM. Pain is the most common reason for seeking therapeutic alternatives of conventional medicine. Cupping, wet or dry, is an ancient treatment, which was broadly utilized in several communities, and it was recommended by the Islamic society.
Aim of the study: The study aimed to assess the effect of wet cupping use among patients complaining of pain attended in the Hijama clinic in Makkah City at Saudi Arabia.
Method: A retrospective records review study was conducted using medical records of patients who attended in the Hijama clinic at Makkah, KSA from January 2019 to December 2019. Our total, 200 patients attended the clinic during the year 2019. Out of those patients, 120 were complaining of pain and were included in the study. The Chi-square test and Multivariate logistic regression were used to measure the association between the various socio-determinants and the wet cupping use.
 Results: A chi-square test of independence was performed to determine the association between the frequency of WCT use and the main complaint, independence was performed to determine the association between the frequency of WCT use and the main complaint. There was a statistically significant association between them, Chi-square X2 =86.663, p=0.001.
 Conclusion: Wet cupping has positive effects on reducing pain. There are promising effects in favor of using wet cupping for improving quality of life of patients with chronic conditions, cupping is recommended as a complementary treatment modality for chronic medical conditions, especially pain .