Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : endocrine disorders

Assessment and evaluation of hearing, tinnitus, and vertigo in children with endocrine disorders

Dr Rajveer Basu, Dr Preeti Lahari, Kiran Lahari, Dr Jugvendra Lahari .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1805-1811

Background: Metabolic and endocrine disorders are related to a significant proportion of
mortality and morbidity seen in the child population globally. The disorders and associated
comorbidities affecting various body organs including inner ear functions include diabetes
mellitus, growth hormone deficiency, childhood obesity, precocious puberty, etc.
Aims: The present clinical trial was carried out to assess high-frequency hearing,
associated tinnitus and vertigo in children with endocrine disorders including growth
hormone deficiency, precocious puberty, type 1 diabetes mellitus, obesity and idiopathic
short stature.
Materials and Methods: 120 subjects having a growth hormone deficiency, precocious
puberty, type 1 diabetes mellitus, obesity and/or idiopathic short stature, and 32 healthy
children were evaluated with a complete otolaryngologic examination followed by
otoscopic ear examination, tympanometry, vertigo, and tinnitus. The collected data were
subjected to statistical evaluation and results were formulated.
Results: PTA˃20dB was seen in 2.5% (n=3) subjects, HFA ˃20dB was seen in 5% (n=6),
PTA and HFA ˃20dB in 5% (n=6) subjects (p= 1.000, 0.465, and 1.000). 18.6% (n=19) had
tinnitus, and 8.82% (n=9) had vertigo. Presence of vertigo and tinnitus in study subjects
with ISS seen in 22.7% (p=0.04). Vertigo with PTA and HFA value ˃20dB was seen in
3.84% (n=1) subject with GHD, 5.88% (n=2) with Type1 DM, 4% (n=1) with obesity, and
3.06% (n=3) subjects in whole experimental group.
Conclusion: Within its limitations, the present study concludes that endocrine diseases
manifested in childhood can lead to alterations in the inner ear with poorly understood
aetiology. However, the study suggests a balance examination and thorough hearing
examination be done in all children visiting endocrinology clinics to detect and treat any
associated abnormality at an early stage.

Early Diagnosis And Prevention Of Dentoalveolar Anomalies And Cariogenic Situation In Children Suffering From Diabetes

Kamalova Feruza Rakhmatillaevna; Eshonkulov Golibjon Torakulovich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2468-2472

We examined 60 children from 5 to 17 years old in the regional endocrinological dispensary in Bukhara in the children's department with diabetes mellitus. The program "Healthy Tooth" was developed according to the following parameters: anamnesis of life, the state of the periodontium, the state of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, the intensity of the spread of caries, the state of occlusion, the state of hygiene of the oral cavity, the state of the tongue. In all children, we took into account the following survey indicators: blood sugar level, age, hygiene index, PMA index and indices kp, KPU + Kp, KPU. At the same time, a comprehensive study of the oral cavity was carried out, which included the identification of patients' complaints, anamnesis, and a visual examination.