Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Physical

Study On Physical Distancing Compliance Towards Corona Virus Risk (COVID-19).

Heru Subaris Kasjono; Rizki Amalia; Nur Mustika Aji Nugroho; Sutaryono .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2236-2242

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is a great concern in the global health sector. This isdueto the large number of people infected within a wide area. The possibility of transmission from one person to anotherraises the need for isolation or restrictions in terms of physical and social interactions within the community. This study aims to determine the extent of community compliance in conducting Physical Distancing.
The research design was observational analytic, using cross sectional method,and was performed with 753 respondents. In addition, data was collected using internet-based questionnaire in the first Government Emergency Response period from March 23 to April 11, 2020. The information obtained includes demographics, physical social compliance variables and risk level. Therefore, qualitativeanalysis was performed to evaluate the frequency distribution, while the relationship between risk categories with Covid 19 cases was determined using chi square.
The results showed the majority of respondents performedoutdoor activities (60.4%), althoughwith good health protocol awareness. Also, mostparticipants wear masks (75.6%), conductgoodhand washing habit (86.6%), always use hand sanitizers (76.5) and maintain a distance from others (87%). Furthermore, the risk categories of respondents were low (95.2%),hence a relationship is established between Covid 19 cases and risk categories.This is reflectedin physical and social distancing compliance (p <0.00001),classified in the moderate category,with an odd ratio value of 9.42 (CI: 4.45-19.97).
In conclusion, moderate physical and social distancing compliance poses a greater risk for covid19 cases, thus the need to increase discipline with Large Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB) implementation.

A Review Study On Challenges To Alter Health Behavior?

Dr.Shanmuga Priya M; Dr.Anand V

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5576-5581

To show that six common mistakes in initiatives to improve conduct hindered the application of psychological and sociological empirical evidence; to propose a novel method that integrates existing behavioural research trends. The role of health actions in the root of the global non-communicable disease outbreak has been seen to contribute to attempts to alter conduct. It should be remembered that most attempts to improve health habits have been quite effective. This paper argues that debates on behaviour change in political decision-making contain six widespread mistakes, and that these errors have made the business of behaviour change far more complicated than appropriate. Overview on strategies and procedures that improve behaviour. The explanations why awareness and knowledge of actions have changed too far in the prevention of tobacco, food and physical inactivity disorders are considered and an alternate solution is introduced. This model takes advantage of emerging advances in behavioural research. The previous psychological and sociological situations must be recognized and psychological theories about the automated and reflective processes should be coupled with sociological ideas on social practice.

Comparative Study Of Selected Physiological And Physical Fitness Parameters Between Short Distance Swimmers And Sprinters

Kh. Rakesh Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5945-5953

The motive behind the study was to compare selected physiological and physical fitness parameters between short distance swimmers and sprinters. The study was carried out in 20 males, 10 swimmers and 10 athletes from Degree College of Physical Education (HVPM) Amravati between the age group of 18-25yrs. The selected variables were examined statistically by applying independent t-test. In conclusion the study showed that there was significance difference observed in vital capacity, flexibility, maximum strength, cardiovascular endurance and in thigh fat % but insignificance difference observed in resting pulse rate, SPO2 and in abdomen and biceps fat %. Swimmers have shown significantly less flexibility as compared to sprinters, so the researchers suggested focusing on flexibility during training for better performance.


Fareed Bogari, Saud Nasser Alsahly, Hanan Mubarak Al-Hadrami, Ismaeel Mohammed Serdar, Taha Mohammed Bakhsh, Sami Abduallrahman Iraqi, Fahad Talal Nakhal Saleh Mohmmed Alsadi, MohmmedAbullmajeed Alsulimani, Ahmed Ali Alzahrani, Saeed Abduallrhaman Alzahrani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 162-169

Background:Domestic violence (DV) is both a public health concern and a deprivation of a basic human right in Saudi Arabia.DV has a variety of short- and long-term physical and mental health repercussions
Objectives:To study the prevalence and types of domestic violence in Makkah.
Methods:A community-basedstudy among different age groups from 1 year to older than 20 years.The data were collected from health care facilities during the time from January 2019 – June 2019.
Results:The prevalence of domestic violence in Makkah was high specially among kids, younger ages groups and women. The majority of aggressors were known and reported by mothers more than any other family members. The most common types of violence were physical abuse (33.6%) followed by sexual (23.7%) and multiple types (20.6%) then neglecting abuse (17.6%). The types of violence were correlated with younger age and the mother being the reporter for abuse.
Conclusion: The prevalence of domestic abuse during the study period was high specially among children and women. Further studies should be conducted to assess the prevalence of DV around KSA.


Olfat fuad Qaffas, Bodour badr almotairi, Badreyah Mohammed Otaif, Sami Saad Alghamdi, Ayman Attia Al-Harbi, Fuzan Ali Almajnooni, Nawaf Ali Alshamrani Faker Hamed Alhassani, Ahmed Ali Alghamdi, Mohsen Mutlaq Saad Al Qurashi, Ghali Marzoog Almajnooni

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 501-512

     Physical activity (PA) is defined as any bodily movement produced by the contraction of skeletal muscles that results in a substantial increase in caloric requirements over resting energy expenditure. According to the World Health Organization(WHO), physical inactivity is considered the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality. Physical inactivity is associated with excess weight and adverse health outcomes. In particular, office-based screening of activity levels and physical activity counseling coupled with regular follow-ups and community support and referrals for physical activity, have been proven effective in increasing physical activity levels. In addition, the cost of integrating physical activity counseling and referral schemes into primary health care teams has been found feasible and cost-effective Physical activity can be defined as any movement of the body that requires energy expenditure.
Aim of this study: To Assessment of the Prevalence of Physical Activity among Adult Patients attend primary health care centers in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia.
 Methodology: Cross sectional design has been adopted. The study has been conducted in Makkah city, Saudi Arabia. The present study was conducted at primary health care centres in Makkah city. Systematic random sampling was being adopted to select persons during the March to June, 2019.The sample (300).
 Results: Exercise milieu these study results showed that Positive Exercise milieu proportions (62.0%), and Negative Exercise milieu proportions (38.0% ) while  the Range  (8-22)  Mean +SD (13.254±3.215) while Time expenditure the most of them negative were(69.0%)but positive (31.0%)while the Range (6-13) Mean +SD (10.812±2.77)
Conclusion: Physical inactivity among Arab adults and children/adolescents is high. Studies using harmonized approaches, rigorous analytic techniques and a deeper examination of context are needed to design appropriate interventions. Physical activity likely has a greater role in promoting health in disease populations than previously thought and may confer substantial reductions in disease burden Primary health care centers in Makkah should be active and able to provide health advice and behaviour to their patients. There will a strong intention to increase physical activity among physically inactive primary care physicians (PHCPs).