Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Dry mouth


Dr S.Aafiya Reshma; Dr. L. Malathi; Dr. N.Aravindha Babu; Dr.E. Rajesh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1798-1803

Menopause is a physiological activity in women which brings changes at both systemic and oral level. At old age, oral hygiene and oral health becomes a major problem and the dentist are the ones who find those changes in the body throughout the menopause. The gums and teeth are more prone to changes in hormones that take place before menopause and slows down body’s capacity to fight back minor infections too. This article reviews about dry mouth during menopause which is of major concern which causes xerostomia.


Dr. S. Kowsalya; Dr. N.Aravindha Babu; Dr. K.M.K. Masthan; Dr. N. Anitha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1810-1820

Sjogren’s syndrome (SS) is a slowly progressive chronic autoimmune disease characterized bychronic inflammation of the exocrine glands. Xerostomia, Keratoconjuctivitis sicca and the B-lymphocytes hyperactivity are the characteristic features of the syndrome.Sjogren's syndrome (SS) also called as “Mikulicz disease” and “Sicca syndrome”. Lacrimal and salivary glands are most affected, which leading to mouth dryness and eye dryness.Sjogren syndrome can exist by itself known as primary Sjogren syndrome or associated with another disorders such as systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, primary biliary cirrhosis or Hashimoto thyroiditis (associated secondary Sjogren syndrome).

Deglutition In Elderly Patients - A Review

KandhalYazhini. P; Gifrina Jayaraj; YuvarajBabu K

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2955-2964

Deglutition is the process of swallowing. During this process, substance travels from the mouth via pharynx into oesophagus. When there is a malfunction in this process, then the substance passes through trachea leading to choking. Deglutition is a series of sensory and motor events. Any difficulty in swallowing causes dysphagia. Ageing may cause dysphagia which inturn may lead to less intake of food and liquids. Improper denture usage may lead to changes in tongue movements, which in-turn cause swallowing difficulties. The knowledge about this subject is very useful for suggesting dental treatments and medications for elderly. This study topic is vast and has an extensive scope for discussions and research. The review was done based on the articles obtained from various platforms like pubmed andgoogle scholars. When article holder websites were analysed on the topic of deglutition inelderly patients, more than 100 articles were obtained and then filtered to 20 articles according to the abstract, title and complete article and then reviewed. This review article elaborates about the deglutition process in elderly patients. The present review is to analyse the current knowledge about deglutition, it’s dysfunction, cause, symptoms and types of dysphagia among elderly patients.