Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : diet

Nutrition Intervention Practices in Family Medicine

Mustafa Abedali Abdelhadi Douglah , Abdelwaley Zuhier Abdelwaley Alrfooh .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 760-772

The theoretical foundation of dietary recommendations in family practice is covered in this paper. Nutrition counseling is an essential aspect of everyday practice due to the many conditions and disorders encountered in family medicine about which nutrition and diet are effective therapies. The advantages of the family doctor, including the patient-centered methodology that allows for different goals and consistency of care, which gives the family doctor multiple contacts over time to current and reinforce advice, must be linked to the success of diet-related suggestions and counseling in family practice. From this stance, family doctors should encounter their patients with guidance and counseling in "ready bits" that fit the time restrictions of routine consultations. They should also ensure that these portions are consistent throughout the years and identify particular patients' value systems and barriers to changing their eating habits. Individuals' indicated willingness to alter orientation can serve as a model for patient-centeredness. The benefits of family medicine should be highlighted in primary care nutritional recommendations. The first part looks at some of the traits of public health, family medicine, and the communities in which family medicine is practiced. This then leads to exploring several food, nutritional, and consumption goals that establish the background for family physicians' work. These schedules outline the range of nutritional advice provided by family doctors. They imply that the existing nutritional objectives are just one option among several. Ultimately, several potential actions are suggested to enhance family doctors' influence on patients' lives.

Effect of health education on mothers' understanding of nutritional needs of children with fever

Prakash Naregal; Vaishali R Mohite; Mahadeo Shinde; Ajit Pawar; Prabhuswami Hiremath; Samir K Choudhari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 1659-1666

Background: Fever is a typical symptom of common childhood health concerns, leading parents to seek medical attention for their children.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of health education on mothers' understanding of how to best care for their children while they are ill with a fever.
Methods: The study used a one-group pre-and post-test strategy for research. The mothers of children aged six and up admitted to the paediatric ward of a selected Karad tertiary care hospital constitute the study population. It was permissible to pick a sample of moms of children with fever using a non-probability purposive sampling technique. One hundred childbearing women were chosen from the Krishna hospital in Karad. In order to gather information, a formal questionnaire was used. The purpose of the pre-test was to gauge mothers' preexisting knowledge on the topic of food for children with fever. After 7 days of pre-testing, we repeated the knowledge quiz to see how much of the initial knowledge gained from the structured health education had stuck.
Result: After receiving systematic health education, 60% of moms improved to a sufficient level of knowledge. For mothers, the mean pre-test score on diet knowledge was 5.83; the post-test score was 14.6, and the paired "t" test value was 13.9. This improvement was statistically significant at the 0.0001 level.
Conclusion: Most mothers lacked information about what to feed their children with fever prior to receiving health education, so it's important that ongoing health education programmes emphasise the importance of a healthy diet for kids when they're sick. This will help prevent further complications and ensure that kids stay healthy in the long run

Nurse-Led Intervention on Reproductive health among young women in India

Princey Shaji, Dr. Maharaj Singh, RN, BSN, MSN, PhD, Dr. Bharti Sahu, MS, FICOG

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 5664-574

Historically, developed nations with high incomes have had the majority of the world's obese people. In low-income nations, the prevalence of overweight or obesity has recently increased dramatically. Over 30 million people in India are either overweight or obese. Women are more likely to have it than men. This study examines the results for obese women's reproductive health among women. For the investigation of the prevalence of overweight or obesity and its correlation with female reproductive health outcomes, the National Family Health Survey (NFHS), 2005–2006, was used. Overweight/obesity prevalence among women has significantly increased over time. Compared to women with a normal BMI, obese and overweight women had worse outcomes for their reproductive health.
The study determined the effectiveness of the Nurse – Led intervention approach to improving the reproductive health in young women from selected rural communities in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
A quasi-experimental, pre-interventional, and post-interventional control group design study was conducted in selected communities of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. Using a non-probability purposive sample method, young obese women were selected for the study.300 young obese women were chosen, 150 were placed in a research group, and the remaining 150 were placed in a control group. After receiving exercise instruction from an investigator for 30 minutes, three times per week for 24 weeks, participants were urged to carry out the exercises on their own for the following 12 weeks. The researcher developed a meal menu plan with the assistance of a dietitian as a component of the lifestyle change programme. A low-calorie diet plan (often 1200–1500 kcal/d) is advised for young obese women. To make sure that lifestyle adjustments were made on a regular basis, a practice diary was maintained. The subjects were called once every seven days. Young obese women in the control group received five days of lifestyle change package training after the trial, but they did not participate in the program.
After 12, and 24 weeks of the nurse-led intervention, there was a very statistically significant difference (P=0.001) between the study group and the control group. At weeks 12 and 24, the study group's average gain score was high. In comparison to the control group, the study group's total mean gain score was 30 as opposed to 28. The overall mean gain score difference between the study group and the control group throughout all of the nurse-led intervention life was 2. The study group had significant improvements in reproductive health after putting a 24-week lifestyle change programme into practise. Following the implementation of the lifestyle modification package, the women reported no negative side effects

Correlation analysis of serum calcium level with the blood pressure among patients with essential hypertension in rural population of Himachal Pradesh

Vijay Kumar, Jagjit Singh Bahia, Sharad Lodhi, Sameer Singh Faujdar, Harharpreet Kaur, Sahil Chhabra

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 1475-1481

Introduction: A high blood pressure that doesn't have a known secondary cause is called as essential hypertension, is a leading cause of death worldwide. Calcium supplementation known to reduce the blood pressure in normal healthy individuals.
Objective: The present study aims towards analysing the correlation between serum calcium level with the blood pressure among patients with essential hypertension.
Methods: 30 cases of essential hypertension patients as cases and 30 suitable healthy age sex matched individuals with normal blood pressure as controls, as per JNC-8 guidelines were recruited in study. Serum calcium level and blood pressure was analysed in all patients.
Results: Systolic Blood Pressure in control group was 111.1 ± 7.570 and in cases was 158.1 ± 9.066. Diastolic Blood Pressure in control group was 72.80±6.183 and in cases was 92.33±6.456. Serum calcium in control group was 9.207 ± 0.7249 and in cases was 8.130 ± 0.4843.
Conclusion: Patients with lower calcium level tends to have raised blood pressure and vice versa. Thus, routine dietary restriction salt in hypertensive individuals can help in better management of hypertension.


Nina Sumarni; Citra WindaniMambang Sari; Dadang Purnama

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 99-106

Family support plays an essential role in understanding lifestyle changes associated with chronic illness, changes needed to help sick members. Family support for patients with hypertension can improve health, and intensive support can reduce pain and help carry out a more disciplined diet program to be maximized. Low adherence to treatment makes it difficult to control his blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between family support and commitment in implementing a diet program for elderly Hypertension in Muarasanding Village, Garut Regency.The type of correlative descriptive study that describes the relationship of family support with hypertension diet compliance. This study's population is hypertension sufferers in the Muara Sanding village located in the SiliwangiGarut Health Center working area. The sample is a total sampling of 51 respondents. The instrument used was a questionnaire. The validity test uses the product-moment correlation technique; the reliability test in GarutJayaraga Village is 20 elderly. Data analysis uses chi-square.The results of this study received as much support as 57% with a level of adherence to carrying out a diet of 55%, and categories that lacked family support 43% and who did not carry out dietary compliance 45%. Results of analysis Sig = 0.42 (a <0.05) means that HO is rejected and accepts H1. There is a relationship between family support and adherence in implementing a diet in the elderly with hypertension. The analysis also found a significant correlation value, with an equivalent odds ratio of 3,889, meaning families who support have the possibility of 3,889 times to comply with the hypertension diet program. Conclusion: There is a relationship between family support with adherence to implementing the diet.

Dietary Habits And Periodontal Health In Saudi Arabia: A Qualitative Study

Arwa Abdullah Alsyefi; Dr. Mohammed Alasqah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1258-1270

Aim: The purpose of our research was to highlight the importance of diet as well as
associated dietary habits in people; with the changes in oral environment leading to
alterations in the periodontal health of an individual.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 enrolled subjects who
underwent periodontal examination and treatment. A questionnaire was given to them,
which was related to self-reported medical history, medication, physical activity and dietary
habits and usual intake. Periodontist assessed the periodontal status of the participants and
a clinical dietician analysed their dietary habits. Subjects were the periodontally examined
and diagnosed according to the stage and grade of the periodontal disease. The collected
data recorded through questionnaire and periodontal examination was analysed
Results: 81.8% participants did not have any apparent illnesses. 14.5 % of the participants
were taking medications for their diseases. Maximum study participants took sweet snacks
daily (60.9%) as well as caffeinated beverages daily (86.3%). They also took fried foods
(35.4%) as well as chips and junk food (34.5%) twice a week. The average Body Mass
Index of the study participants was 35.8kg/m2. 80% of the subjects had been diagnosed
with chronic periodontitis. 22.7% of participants had stage 1 periodontitis whereas 27.2%
of the subjects had stage 3 periodontitis.
Conclusion: It is imperative to reduce the consumption as well frequency of sticky and
refined sugars in the diet, so as to limit the damage to the oral tissue especially the
periodontium. Good oral hygiene also helps to maintain this homeostasis inside the oral

Awareness On The Diet Plan In Covid- 19 Among College Students - A Survey

Helen Reshma; K, Vishnu Priya; V, Gayathri. R; Kavitha. S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2720-2738

ABSTRACTCoronavirus disease ( COVID-19 ) is caused by SARS-CoV2 and is a great global public health concern. The zoonotic origin of COVID-19 is likely to be the wet animal market in Wuhan city, China. The transmission of COVID-19 can be from person-to-person and this leads to the isolation of patients. Extensive measures were taken to reduce person-to-person transmission of COVID-19 and to control the current outbreak. So it is necessary and important to know the dietary patterns which play an important role in the prevention of COVID-19. This study involves college students in the age group of 12-40 years. A well structured questionnaire was prepared comprising 15 questions covering socio-demographic information, knowledge , attitude, perceptions was framed and administered to the participants through an online google forms link. A total of 116 responses were collected out of which 42.6% were male and 57.4% were female. 80% of the total population were aware that diet patterns play an important role in COVID-19. Pearson Chi square value= 0.61, p=0.89 ( p>0.05 indicating statistically not significant. 73% of the total population were aware that an increase in immunity of our body prevents COVID-19. Pearson Chi square value=5.88, p=0.11 ( p>0.05 indicating statistically not significant). It may be concluded that most of the students are aware of the diet pattern in COVID-19. Awareness may be created to have an intake of balanced diet during the pandemic period.