Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Arrhythmia

Aetiological and Clinical Study of Atrial Fibrillation :An Observational Study in a Tertiary Care Hospital ,Telangana ,India

Dr.Rajeev Kumar Togiti, Dr.Raj Kumar Goud ,Dr.D.Kiran, Dr.Sharanya Vootla

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 4422-4432

Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained arrhythmia seen in clinical practice. It is responsible for increased mortality from all cardiovascular causes and shortens average life span. Aims: To know the various clinical presentations in atrial fibrillation and to detect various aetiological factors of atrial fibrillation.Methodology: This Observational study was conducted on 50 cases of atrial fibrillation.Cases were examined in detail as per proforma with special reference to cardiovascular system.Investigations like urine examination, complete Blood picture, Erythrocytes Sedimentation rate, Blood urea, Serum creatinine, Blood sugar, Serum electrolytes and chest X-ray examination have been carried out. Special investigations like electrocardiogram, echocardiogram was also done. Whenever necessary blood for culture and sensitivity, CT-Brain in case of stroke. The electrocardiogram was studied for rate and ‘f’ wave pattern. The echocardiogram was studied to assess the valvular lesion, Mitral Valve Area (MVA) in mitral stenosis cases, and enlargement of chambers particularly the left atrium size.Results: Most of the chronic atrial fibrillation is associated with large left atrial size, 4-5cms (56%).Congestive cardiac failure (60%), angina (32%), embolic stroke (14%) are common complications.Incidence of congestive cardiac failure, angina are high in patients of chronic AF with fast ventricular rate.Incidence of embolic stroke is more in rheumatic AF.Incidence of embolic stroke is high in non-rheumatic AF with the presence of risk factors like age >65yrs, HTN, DM, CCF, LA size > 4.5 cm.Most of the cases of AF associated with MVA is less than 1 (Severe) in RHD.Conclusion: Atrial fibrillation due to rheumatic aetiology is more common in younger age group, while the other causes like hypertension, ischemic heart disease common in older age.Females are commonly affected than males.Rheumatic heart disease is commonest cause followed by ischemic heart disease, Hypertension.

Awareness On Risk Factors Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Copd) Among College Students

A.Akshaya .; V.Vishnu Priya; K. R . Don; R. Gayathri

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2681-2699

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease characterised by obstruction in the airflow which interferes with the normal breathing pattern. The World Health Organisation ( WHO ) announced COPD will be the third common cause for death by 2020. The objective of study is to assess the level of awareness of risk factors of COPD and its complications among college students. A Self structured questionnaire was circulated among 100 participants within university. This survey was done online using google forms link. The questions were designed in order to assess the knowledge about COPD and its risk factors. The results and responses were collected and analysed by using SPSS software. The findings from the study were represented in pie charts. In our study about 85% of individuals were aware that COPD is a respiratory disorder. 52% of participants know the difference between COPD and asthma. 58% of individuals were well aware of the signs and symptoms of COPD. From the survey conducted, the awareness and knowledge about risk factors and complications of COPD is found to be moderate. Further future studies and management programs may be conducted to create more awareness to the individuals.