Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : community

Factors Related to Intentions Among Community Health Cadres to Participate in Flood Disaster Risk Reduction in Semarang, Indonesia

Hastoro Dwinantoaji; Sakiko Kanbara; Mari Kinoshita; Satoru Yamada; Hasti Widyasamratri; Mila Karmilah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 1046-1063

Background: Health cadres hold enormous potential for flood disaster risk reduction (DRR) such as in reducing public health risks and building community resilience. However, they must risk their own lives to save others in disaster situations. Involving them, focusing on primary health care in the context of flood DRR, should be considered in this scheme.
Aim: This research aims to explore the factors related to intentions among health cadres to participate in flood DRR in Semarang, Indonesia.
Methods: A qualitative study was conducted from February to May 2019 in Semarang. Focus group interviews were conducted with 22 participants (health cadres, supervisors of health cadres, the head of Puskesmas, and municipal health officers). Content analysis was used to analyze qualitative data.
Results: Four themes of factors related to intentions among health cadres to participate in flood DRR emerged from the interview data, namely: tugas (a set of expectations to be carried out from encumbering the position of health cadres), existing supports, perceived insufficiency of supports, and existing obstacles. It was revealed that their intentions to participate in flood DRR was related to tugas, existing support, and perceived insufficiency of support.
Conclusions: Tugas, existing support, and perceived insufficiency of support are factors related to intentions among health cadres to participate in flood DRR in Semarang. The findings of this study may contribute as a strategy for the governments and stakeholders to optimize sustainable community healthcare for flood DRR performed by health cadres in Indonesia.

Validity and Reliability of Instruments Assessing Household Satisfaction With 3R-Based Waste Management (Tempat Pengolahan Sampah) and Waste Bank Services in Depok, Indon

Zakianis .; Sabarinah .; I Made Djaja; Haruki Agustina

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 2347-2360

Solid wastes in Indonesia are managed by two types of units regulated by two different ministries. Households are the end clients for both units; thus it is important to assess their satisfaction with the quality of the waste management services. To assess each unit, we developed survey instruments that incorporate the 3R concept and tested each instrument’s construct validity and reliability. The survey was conducted in Depok City, Indonesia, interviewing household members responsible for domestic waste management. The sample size for each unit was 30 households. Construct validity was tested using confirmatory factor analysis; reliability was measured using the Cronbach-α coefficient. Results show that both instruments have fairly valid constructions (communality >50%) while performing with good reliability. The final number of items in each instrument is similar for the TPS3R and waste bank instruments.

Empowerment Of Health Care And Community To Improve Mother And Children's Health (Mch) In Demak Gaji Village

Rita Kartika Sari; Tjatur Sembodo; Imam Djamaluddin; Qathrunnada Djam’an; Purwito Sugeng; Agus Supriyono; Dede Mahdiyah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 4522-4530

The health problems experienced by the people and people of Indonesia are still not successful in achieving "Healthy Indonesia" as desired in the National Long-Term Development Plan. Issues Gaji villagers still do not fully give exclusive breastfeeding to their babies, do antenatal care during pregnancy, monitor the growth and development of their sons and daughters especially the first 1000 days of life (HPK) greatly determine the growth and development, which if not heeded would risk stunting, providing basic immunization complete, provide complementary foods properly, do family planning, there are still those who have not utilized primary health facilities and do not understand the healthy paradigm emphasized by the government of society that still tends towards curative and not oriented to preventive and promotive. The venue for the training was in Demak Gaji Village Hall. The time of the training was on November 11, 2018. Participants in the community training, youth groups, and health cadres of the Salak Demak Village were 58 people. The method of implementing activities using a group-based method is carried out comprehensively, starting from coordinating with policy makers in the Gaji village, approaching and coordinating with the community and health cadres, MCH education and mentoring, providing training and discussion materials, community service team activities carried out in a measurable and the monev process to measure the achievement of targets and outcomes, through the role of Posyandu cadres and the community so as to improve the health status of the community. The results of this training community and health cadres get knowledge and insights about exclusive breastfeeding, immunization, antenatal care, family planning, complementary foods, growth monitoring, healthy paradigm towards a prosperous family, utilization of primary health facilities towards a healthy family, so that with the participation of cadres health can increase the level of public health in the Gaji village, cadres are long-standing health centers so that people are increasingly aware of the importance of maternal and child health.

Modern Indian Visual Arts: Indicators And Catalysts Of Economic Development

Amandeep Kaur Randhawa; Dr Rohita Sharma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 3156-3168

Community Economic Development (C.E.D.). Has taken the contours of a recognised form of economical growth of every country though their approach may indicate diverse policies, applications and different strategies to fulfil them. In fact, a general trend is noticed that large section of the public can participate in various processes to develop and institutionalise the changes caused by various factors. This is deliberately undertaken for the success of the CED. Art, as it is creative machinery of the community one must look at the skilled output having aesthetic sense as the Visual, acoustic and literary dimensions reflect intellectual faculty as well as general cultural scenario of the corresponding society. Artist, irrespective of his/ her medium select elements developed, practiced and institutionalised by their community members. It is the serious endeavour of these researchers to select certain visual artists and their important creations to see how they have transmitted their thoughts and experiences as a participant and a catalyst to bring a social change and as an indicator to showcase a discernible community transformation brought by economical development.

Global Economy and Consumerism: An Analysis

Dr.Javeed Ahmad Bhat; Naseer Ahmad Bhat

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5895-5898

Global economy because of COVID-19 has tanked to historical lows. It is not the first time in the world history that global community is bracing for a pandemic. COVID-19 started in Wuhan, the global epicentre of both—the virus as well as the economic bustle and flurry. After the few days of proliferation of the virus, busy streets of Wuhan were back to deserted scenes. China is currently the production house of the world. The dangers to the health sector of the countries is definitely under tremendous pressure but more worryingly, it is threatening world economy into recession. US Federal Reserve has gone for an emergency rate-cut of half percentage point. This is the biggest since 2008 financial crises. But the step seems more a knee-jerk reaction out of compulsion rather than a mature policy decision.

The Community Responses over The Citarum River West Java

Suwandi Sumartias

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3724-3732

The article examine the responses of Citarum River Community , especially at Cieunteung and Linggar Villages Bandung Regency which are often exposed to floods, waste and rubbish through the perspective of "bottom up" environmental communications. The population living over the Citarum watershed is more than 15 million people, where some people depend on the river for their livelihood, so it often causes complex problems. People who live in the Citarum watershed are often victims of floods in the rainy season and drought in the dry season, as well as victims of waste pollution, both household waste and industrial waste, especially the textile industry.
The research method used is descriptive approach with qualitative data analysis technique. The results showed: there are still less responses, especially the attitudes and understanding of community of Citarum River about the condition of a healthy river (air and water); Lack of awareness and communication activities between people , formal and informal community leaders in finding the right solution; The lower participation of community and opinion leaders in seeking sustainable solution; Lack of supervision and law enforcement of the environment. Recommendation: The importance of advocacy movement, participation and assistance from and by community of the Citarum River (bottom up communication); The importance of forming groups or communities of citizens at the Citarum river area; The importance of communication and coordination is done intensively and sustainably; Local government interventions need to involve formal and informal leaders ; The importance of supervision and law enforcement seriously and professional

Community Literacy About Tsunamis In Three Villages (Hutumuri, Hative Kecil And Galala) - Ambon Island

Edwin Rizal; Ute Lies Siti Khadijah; Rizki Nurislaminingsih; Rully Khairul Anwar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3684-3700

Based on literature reviews and brief interviews with several residents in the preliminary research, we argued that the people in Hutumuri, Hative Kecil, and Galala affected by the 1950 tsunami, had knowledge of tsunami symptoms and could describe their characteristics. We also had other arguments that the living witness told the incident to family, neighbors, and friends, indicating that the people in the area were literate about disasters. Therefore this study aimed to discover the informant's literacy of tsunamis in Hutumuri, Hative Kecil, and Galala.This research used a qualitative method with a case study approach. Data were obtained through observation, interviews, and literature analysis. The residents selected as informants consisted of tsunami witnesses and descendants of living witnesses. Data from all of our informants were sorted out according to the study purpose, and then scientifically strengthened with a literature review (books, journals, online newspapers, and official government websites).Community literacy about tsunamis in Hutumuri, Hative Kecil, and Galala can be known from their knowledge about natural signs before and after a disaster. Besides, they also share knowledge and keep remembering while adding new knowledge about the tsunami. Knowledge is shared verbally with family, neighbors, and friends in daily conversation. They also share their knowledge in official events commemorating the 1950 tsunami in the church, at traditional ceremonies, church socialization, and discussions in village forums. How to share knowledge verbally is already a part of everyday life. Official conversations at church forums and traditional events aim to remember the 1950 tsunami while taking valuable lessons from the incident. The purpose of church socialization and discussions in village forums is to share knowledge about disasters while adding new experiences. Thus, people become literate about tsunamis.This research found that the community also shared their knowledge verbally through the singing of the song Air Turun Naik in Hutumuri and the song Banjir Galala. Another finding was the use of a loudspeaker (TOA) to deliver emergency information about the disaster by