Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : bacterial

Microbiological profile and antibiotic sensitivity pattern of bacteria isolated from patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis

Nashwan MR Ibrahim

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 1781-1789

Chronic bacterial prostatitis is a persistent infection of the prostate characterized by frequent relapses due to incomplete eradication of the causative organisms, with a negative impact on patient’s quality of life. This study aimed to determine the most common bacterial causative agents and their antibiotic sensitivity patterns in patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis in Duhok, Kurdistan, northern Iraq. A standardMeares-Stamey four-glass test was performed for all males presenting with chronic prostatitis symptoms for more than 3 months. Men with high leukocyte counts and bacterial growth inexpressed prostatic secretion (EPS) and post-prostate massage urine (VB3) samples but negative first-voided (VB1) and midstream urine (VB2) samples were included in the study. The Phoenix system (Becton Dickinson) was used for bacterial identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing.Staphylococcus spp. were the most prevalent microorganisms in patients with chronic prostatitis (60.8%), followed by Escherichia coli and Enterococcus spp. (13.7%).Most patients with chronic prostatitis who were diagnosed with Staphylococcus spp. exhibited high resistance tobenzylpenicillin (75.0%), oxacillin (60.5%), and ampicillin (59.0%). Patients diagnosed with Enterococcus spp. showed high resistance to quinupristin-dalfopristin(20.0%), cefoxitin screen (15.7%), clindamycin (16.9%), tetracycline (16.9%), and rifampicin (17.1%). Among those diagnosed with Streptococcus spp., most had resistance to oxacillin (7.4%), tobramycin (8.0%), erythromycin (8.4%), clindamycin (8.4%), tetracycline (8.4%), and mupirocin (12.1%).The patients with E. coli had resistance to extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL)(45.5%) and cefepime (25.0%). In summary, we found that the most prevalent pathogens from patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis are E. coli, Enterococcus spp., and Staphylococcus aureus. Gram-positive isolates showed the highest resistance to benzylpenicillin, fosfomycin, ampicillin, tetracycline, rifampicin, and mupirocin. Moreover, gram-negative bacteria were most resistant to ESBL, cefepime, and ampicillin-sulbactam. To manage this condition, physicians should take into consideration the development of multi-drug resistance among the pathogenic agents.


Almass.M. AL- bayati; Hala. M. Majeed; Ziyad. T. AL- doori

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 383-391

Background:- Mastitis is the term for a bacterial infection of the udder. It is most
common in ewes raising multiple lambs or with high milk production. Most cases occur
during the first weeks after lambing or immediately before weaning. Good ewe
nutrition and providing a clean lambing environment are important factors in reducing
the incidence of mastitis.
Objective: The study was focused on using of rapid & efficient methods for detection of
Subclinical Mastitis in 4 small holder dairy flock in central of Kirkuk &its affiliated
Material and Methods:- A total of 94 milk samples sheep were collected from four
farms in October to December 2018 to determine pathogens responsible for subclinical
mastitis in sheep.
Results:- Screening Subclinical Mastitis(of SCM) were done using California mastitis
and White Slide Test (WST). the prevalence percentage of SCM in California mastitis
and White Slide Test according the early stage lactation was(74 % and 70%)
respectively. While the prevalence percentage of SCM in California mastitis and White
Slide test according the according the dry period lactation was(66 % and 64 % )
respectively. identification of the isolates was achieved using Gram’s staining,
hemolytic pattern, colony morphology, Catalase , Coagulase test, IMVIC test and
confirmation of bacteria species by using Vitek 2 compact after identification to the
primary biochemical tests using Analytical Profile Index. Bacteriological examination of
all milk samples found the presence of (82.85% ) isolates where Staphylococcus was
predominant species (74.28 %) and the coagulase negative Staphylococcus (25.7% )
species was identified at the least bacteria .than staph. aureus, while environmental
pathogen represented E. coli second common pathogen followed by klebsiella
pneumonia (14.8% ) , Manhemia haemolytica (12.8 %) proteus spp.( 11.4%) And low
percentage to the Enterobacter spp. (4.3 %) .
Conclusion:- subclinical mastitis seems to be, as deduced from the high prevalence
observed in this study, an important health problem for milking sheeps in the Kirkuk
Application of VITEK system could be practiced at selected samples from time to time
to confirm identification of causative organisms.