Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Socio-economic


A cross-sectional study on relationship between oral hygiene and socioeconomic status among 15 year old school children.

Dr. Shitanshu Malhotra; Dr. Pallavi Singh; Dr. Himangi Dubey; Dr. Nitin Jhunjhunwala; Dr. Ashish Chauhan; Dr. Pradeep Kumar Pandey

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 1556-1564

Background: Oral health is a part of general health and hence, has a direct bearing on the total well-being of individuals. Knowledge of oral health status and treatment needs of populations with different characteristics is important for developing appropriate preventive approaches.
Aim: The aim of the study is to determine the relationship between oral hygiene with socioeconomic status among 15 years old school going children of Lucknow city. Materials &
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted. The schools were selected by simple random sampling method following the lottery method of selection. Simplified Oral Hygiene Index with Kuppuswamy’s socioeconomic status scale has been used. Results: As socio-economic status decreases; mean OHI-S increases. Comparing the mean OHI-S between different SES groups, ANOVA revealed significantly different OHI-S among the groups (F=38.84, p<0.001). Conclusion: The mean scores of OHI-S revealed a significant relation with socio-economic status. It was reported that as the socioeconomic status decreased, oral hygiene status of the children deteriorated.

The effect of personal, physical environmental, and socio-economic factors onpreventive behaviour of leprosy transmission among lepers

Laily Hidayati; Bilqies Rahma Mustikawati; Nadia Rohmatul Laili

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 728-734

Leprosy is an infectious disease that requires health behaviour modification to combat the disease and at the same time to prevent thetransmission. This study aimsto determine the relationship between personal, physical environmental, and socio-economic factors andthe preventive behaviour of leprosy transmission. This study was a correlational descriptive analytic study with a cross sectional approach.As many as 60 out of 77 lepers in Surabaya were chosenthrougha purposive sampling technique. The dependent variable was the preventive behaviour of leprosy transmission, while the independent variables were personal, physical environmental, and socio-economic factors. Data was collected using questionnairesand then was analyzedby using Spearman’s Rho and Chi-Square test with α= 0.05. The study revealed that preventive behaviour of leprosy transmission was significantly related with age (p=0.033), gender or sex (p=0.002), education (p=0.016), occupation (p=0.043), knowledge (p=0,000), physical environment (p=0,012), family support (p=0,000), income (p=0,000) and stigma (p=0,043). Age and stigma performed a negative relationship with the preventive behaviour of leprosy transmission. Otherwise, education, knowledge, and physical environment showed a positive relationship. Further researchis expectedto provide intervention to promotethe preventive behaviour of leprosy transmission