Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Coping Strategies

Examining Coping Styles Of Nursing Students In Front Of Problems And Solving The Problem Of Depression And Other Mental Disorders

Sevda Ghasemi, Seyedeh Zahra Mousavi Valoukolai, Kosar Kazemi Balef, Seyedeh Saedeh Sadati Abdolani, Somayeh Khajir, Fatemeh Khaleghi Abbasabadi, Fatemeh Moslemi Najarkolaei, Samira Kelvandi, Zahra Gharibi .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 2723-2732

Introduction: Psycho-social abilities enable a person to act positively and adaptively in relation to other people, society, culture and environment and ensure his mental health. One of the goals of this research is to investigate students' coping styles in front of problems and issues.
Methods: The research method is post-event; In this research, the statistical population is all male and female depressed nursing students. The sampling method was carried out as follows: students who considered themselves sad in the self-assessment form and their depression score (≤18 points) was determined in the Beck questionnaire. For the study group, the students whose depression score was obtained in the test (9≥points) were selected for the comparison group; who were assigned to depressed and normal groups after interviewing and matching. Also, the research tools were: Cassidy and Long's problem solving style scale (1996), Beck depression questionnaire (long form) and depression self-assessment scale. In order to increase awareness of how and how to use effective coping styles in problem solving, the researcher participated in relevant educational workshops.
Findings: The findings of the present study confirm that the problem solving style of depressed students is significantly different from the problem solving style of normal students in the following factors: avoidance, helplessness, control, self-confidence, creativity and orientation. This difference has become significant in multi-factor variance analysis at the level of ( <0.01). Also, the comparison of the mean scores of the problem solving style factors of depressed and normal students show that depressed students have obtained more scores in the factors of helplessness, control and avoidance. On the other hand, normal students have higher scores in the factors of self-confidence, creativity and tendency to solve problems in problematic situations. The results of the Ben-Ferroni test showed that the difference between the averages obtained was completely significant ( <0.01).
Conclusion: Inefficient problem-solving styles are known as one of the most significant predictors of depression in the current research, which in the treatment process can clarify the way to identify and treat depression and be effective in reducing its symptoms.

Prevalence & Socio-demographic Risk Factors of Suicidal Behavior and effects of various coping Strategies on Suicidal Behavior among Medical Students: A Institution-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Dr Tanjib Hassan Mullick, Tridibes Bhattacharya

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 446-458

Suicidal behaviour in medical students might be brought on by mental pressures and the adoption of inadequate coping mechanisms.
Objective: The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence, risk factors, and effects of coping strategy elements on suicidal behaviour among medical students.
 Methodology:Medical College students participated in a three-month institution-based cross-sectional survey from October to December 2022. Using the stratified random sampling procedure, a total of 350 study participants were chosen and then distributed proportionally to each academic year. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised, and sociodemographic information were then included in a self-administered questionnaire that the participants were required to complete (SBQ-R). The risk factors and their correlation with suicidal conduct were identified using the chi-square test and the student t test.
Results: A total of 62 (17.7%) respondents reported having suicidal behaviour and an SBQ-R cutoff score greater than 7. The age range of the participants was 18 to 35 years, with a mean age of 22.28±  1.87 years . Depression, academic performance dissatisfaction, smoking and alcohol use were the found risk variables substantially linked to greater suicide conduct. (P<0.05) In the study population, psychological resilience (68.6%), religion, and humour (60.3%) were the coping mechanisms that were employed more frequently than supportive techniques (54%). Coping with mental disengagement and coping with supportive techniques were examined as a protective factor for suicide behaviour. Mental disengagement (denial, drug use, venting, behavioural disengagement, and self-blame) was a seldom employed coping strategy (21.7%) among medical students. ( (P<0.05)
 Conclusion: The prevalence of suicidal conduct among medical students is worrying, and research has shown that risk factors include depression, alcohol and tobacco use, as well as inadequate coping mechanisms. The data suggests that the initial steps in preventing suicidal conduct should be quantification of the problems, early treatment, and proactive student counselling to assist them adopt the proper coping mechanisms.

Relationship of Dental Anxiety with Different Coping Styles in Children

Dr. Hitakshi Kathiria; Dr B Suba Ranjana; Dr Ivashpreet Kaur; Dr. Anup K Panda; Dr. Mira Virda; Dr. Priyank Sudani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 3165-3172

Background: Children face a moderate to a high degree of stress attached to all kinds of dental treatment resulting in compromised dental treatment. The way children cope with stress has been the focus of psychological and behavioral management research.
Aim: To find a relationship between anxious children to different coping styles that could help the pediatric dentist for planning treatment for the child to aid in effective coping.
Design: The anxiety level of 100 children aged between 8 to 12 years was assessed using a modified child dental anxiety scale (faces). They were then asked to fill up a monitoring-blunting dental tool in which certain dental situations along with their appropriate options were given. Children were asked to answer yes or no to those options. Scores were calculated individually for monitoring and blunting. The highest score was taken as the coping style of that particular child.
Results: A Chi-square test was performed to examine the relationship between the anxiety level and coping strategy and it was found to be non-significant. However, it was seen that children with moderate to high anxiety preferred monitoring coping style than blunting.
Conclusion: Monitoring-Blunting coping style is effective in reducing a child’s dental anxiety.

Results Of Experimental Program For Studying The Coрing Behavior Peculiarities In Higher Education Students

Tatyana A. Serebryakova; Irina A. Koneva; Olga V. Suvorova; Lidia E. Semenova; Natalya V. Fomina; Irina S. Ipatova; Natalia N. Sheshukova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 233-243

The article reflects the results of an experimental study of the specifics of coping behavior of university students. Considering coping behavior as a special purposeful socially-oriented behavior of a person that ensures his productivity, health and, both psychological and social, well-being, we believe that the formation of the experience of coping behavior is a prolonged process and is carried out throughout a person's life. We determined the study of the specifics of coping behavior among students of a higher educational institution as the target guidelines of our research. Relying on theoretical and methodological provisions in the field of personality psychology, psychology of coping behavior, as well as the theory of stress, we have designed a diagnostic program that included the method of scientific observation, as well as a system of test methods. Our pilot study showed that the complex application of the diagnostic program developed by us makes it possible not only to study the specifics of coping behavior of students within the framework of their educational activities, but also to determine the type of behavioral activity of respondents, the characteristics of their behavior in emotionally stressful situations, and also to determine the main reasons stimulating the onset of stress.

Academic Stress And Self Concept In Adolescent Students: A Moderated Mediation Model Of Coping Strategies And Democratic Parenting Styles

Saranjeet Kour; Franky Rani; Neha Vats

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 3354-3361

This study examines the relationship between academic stress and adolescent self-concept by investigating the mediating role of PFC strategies and the moderating role of democratic parenting styles in influencing the mediation. Sample of 1070 adolescents completed questionnaires regarding academic stress, coping strategies, parenting styles and self-concept. After nullifying the effect of gender, it was found that academic stress was negatively related to self-concept. Moreover, PFC strategies partially mediated the relation of academic stress to self-concept. Moderated mediation analyses further revealed that PFC strategies mediated the effect of academic stress on self-concept at different levels of perceived democratic parenting style. There was conditional direct and indirect between academic stress and self concept of adolescent students