Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Athlete

Mindfulness Meditation Improves Athletes’ Attention, Working Memory and Emotional State of Depression, Anxiety and Stress

Anazrul Adreen Azunny; Norhazira Abdul Rahim; Nor Aijratul Asikin Mohamad Shalan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 4028-4039

Research on mindfulness meditation has been growing exponentially over the past three decades. The purpose of this present study is to investigate the effect of mindfulness meditation on attention, working memory, and emotional states of depression, anxiety and stress among athletes. Twenty male athletes from Sultan Idris Education University had participated in this study. Ten participants were randomly assigned into mindfulness group that received a mindfulness meditation audio and ten participants were assigned into control group that did not received mindfulness meditation audio. Neurosky Brainwave, N-back test, and DASS21 questionnaire were used to measure the attention, working memory respectively, and emotional state, respectively. Result from independence sample t-test showed that athletes in mindfulness meditation group significantly improved their attention (p=0.001), working memory (p<0.001), depression score in week 4 (p=0.006), anxiety score in week 4 (p=0.001), and stress score in week 3 (p=0.01) and week 4 (p<0.001), compared to control group. It was indicated from the findings that 4 weeks of daily mindfulness meditation is beneficial for the athletes to have better attention, good working memory, as well as a better control of emotions.

Features of sports contract on the example of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Elbek T. Musaev; Kambariddin M. Mehmonov

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 6292-6310

in this article, the Sports Contract is analyzed as a legal way to ensure relations between the parties in professional sports. The research proposed in the article aims to give a holistic idea of what a sports contract is, what are its features, to identify gaps in legislation and problems of law enforcement in the field of physical culture and sports. It also considered the grounds for concluding contracts between athletes and physical culture and sports organizations, issues of formalizing the relationship between the employer and the athlete, the specifics of the contract on sports activities, rights, obligations, responsibility of the athlete, coach and employer under a sports contract.