Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Piezocision


“Evaluation of Conventional Corticotomy With Novel Piezosurgery In Orthodontic Treatment - Study Protocol For A Comparative Study”

SAURABH S. SIMRE; RAJANIKANTH K.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2128-2131

Abstract: Background: Addressing the needs of young adults undergoing orthodontic for
faster treatment with unrealistic requirements has become challenge in modern era to
orthodontists. So, to meet the treatment needs of the patients a combined multidisciplinary
approach of orthodontists and oral surgeon is required. Various techniques are emerging in
accelerated orthodontics field. Piezosurgery being a novel minimally invasive technique has
shown to be a emerging trend with good results with the piezocision technique. Objectives: We
aim to evaluate and compare the conventional corticotomy with piezo-guided corticotomy in
accelerated osteogenic orthodontic treatment. Methods: This randomized comparative study
has sample size of 24 subjects equally divided in two groups, i.e. conventional corticotomy
group done with bur and piezo-guided corticotomy group. The time required for the surgical
procedure, rate and amount of tooth movement and total treatment time required for
completion of space closure was measured. Along with this, secondary parameters like
gingival recession, periodontal pocket formation and dehiscence/ fenestration formation were
also assessed. Results: Piezosurgery being minimally invasive requires more time for surgical
procedure, however, it more efficiently moved tooth with reduced total treatment time when
compared to conventional corticotomy. The piezosurgical group resulted in faster rate as well
as amount of tooth movement than bur group. Although there was no statistically significant
difference evident in complications associated with accelerated orthodontics tooth movement.
Conclusion: A novel, minimally invasive approach for surgical orthodontics with better
patient acceptance is equally effective in accelerating orthodontic tooth movement and
definitely widen the scope of surgically accelerated orthodontic treatment with prognostically
satisfactory clinical outcomes.

“COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF RATE OF CANINE RETRACTION IN CORTICOTOMY FACILITATED ORTHODONTICS AND PIEZOCISION TECHNIQUE IN ADULT POPULATION” – PROTOCOL FOR A IN VIVO STUDY

DR. POOJA BIDWAI; DR. R. H. KAMBLE

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2144-2150

Abstract: Background: Accelerated orthodontics aimed at reducing orthodontic treatment
duration. The main setback that occurs in the treatment of patients who require first premolar
extraction is the distalization of the canines, which requires longer treatment duration. There
are many surgical techniques evolved to accelerate tooth movement. So this study will help us
to evaluate and compare canine retraction rate between two surgical techniques i.e
corticotomy facilitated orthodontics and piezocision technique. Objective: The main objective
of this study is to compare rate of canine retraction in corticotomy facilitated orthodontics and
piezocision technique. Methods: The sample consisted of 22 patients (15-25 years old) with
Class II Division 1 malocclusions. The suggested treatment plan for the given sample was
extraction of the maxillary first premolars with subsequent canine retraction. Split mouth
study design was selected for study. After initial leveling and alignment, first premolar will be
extracted then one side was assigned for corticotomy and contralateral side for piezocision in
the area of first premolar and canine retraction was initiated bilaterally with 0.019×0.025 SS
wire in slot. Study models will be obtained presurgery T0 and postsurgery at T1, T2 and T3
time interval. The following variables were examined over a 3-month follow-up period: rate of
canine retraction, molar anchorage loss, canine rotation with the help of study model. Results:
This study will found that rate of canine retraction will be more in corticotomy facilitated
orthodontics when compared with piezocision. Conclusion: This study will conclude that
corticotomy will be more efficient technique for canine retraction when compared to
piezocision.

Assessment of Root Resorption between Piezocision and Micro-osteoperforation during retraction - A Clinical Study

Dr. Vidyesh Durga Nadkerny; Dr. Soumya Gupta; Dr. Amit A Akolkar; Dr. Shefali Kadam; Dr. Smriti Priya; Dr. Rahul Gote

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 4642-4647

Background: The present study was conducted to compare root resorption between Micro-osteoperforation (MOP) and Piezocision (PzC) assisted orthodontics.
Materials & Methods: 36 patients requiring orthodontic treatment were divided into two groups of 18 each. Group I was treated using MOP in one side while the other side served as control. Group II was treated with PzC in one side with no intervention done on the other side. Radiographs were obtained before and after canine retraction to calculate amount of RR.
Results: Root resorption in experiment side in group I before canine retraction found to be 27.90 mm and after canine retraction was 27.42 mm and on control side pre- operatively was 27.86 mm and post- operatively was 27.36 mm. The difference was non- significant (P> 0.05). Root resorption in experiment side in group II pre- operatively found to be 26.76 mm and post- operatively was 26.62 mm and on control side pre- operatively was 27.80 mm and post- operatively was 25.41 mm. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Authors found significant differences in apical RR were observed between the PzC group and the control group after canine retraction. Significant apical RR were observed in the experimental PzC side compared to experimental MOP side postoperatively after canine retraction.