Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Balance

The impact of galvanic vestibular stimulation on elderly balance

Faten Mohamed Hassan; Akram Abd- Elaziz; Hany Ezzat Obaya; Shawky A. Fouad

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 1833-1846

Background: Imbalance still a common and fatal problem among the elderly population, increasing morbidity and mortality rate in society among the elderly, This study assessed the efficacy of galvanic vestibular stimulation on balance in the elderly.
Subjects and methods: Forty elderly patients of both sexes (23male and 17female) their age ranged from 60 to 70 years old were selected from the outpatient clinic of the Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University. The forty patients were divided into two groups; each group consisted of twenty patients. Group (A) performed a program of balance exercises in addition to galvanic vestibular stimulation 3times/week and group (B) control group performed a program of traditional balance exercises. The balance was assessed at the beginning of the study and after 12 weeks of treatment.
Results: Showed that there are no significant differences (P>0.05) for Biodex scores of both groups as the post- treatment mean values ± SD of the biodex scores for both groups (A and B) were (3.70±1.69 and 4.19±1.70), respectively and no significant differences for functional reaching test scores (P<0.05) as the post- treatment mean values ± SD of functional reaching test scores for both groups (A and B) were (21.61±2.44 and20.26±2.99), respectively.
Conclusion: it was found that galvanic vestibular stimulation was not considered an effective intervention in improving balance in elderly > 60 years.


Tuychiev Alisher Zhuraevich; Rizaev Nurbek Kadirovich; Abdusalomova Nodira Bahodirovna; Tashkenbaeva Zarina Ulugbekovna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 1701-1726

Abstract:This article provides information on the impact of the pandemic on intellectual
property and its consequences, the activities of companies providing intellectual property
services in the context of the pandemic, the intellectual ecosystem.Also, this article is devoted
to the consideration of issues related to the creation of the intellectual property ecosystem
throughout the world, research and experimental developments, R&D expenses, as well as
accounting and assessment of inovation products. In the context of global globalization,
intellectual property objects are crucial in assessing the property of enterprises. However, the
methodology of analysis of intangible assets has not been comprehensivelypresented in
scientific works, therefore, this article developed a methodology for the analysis of intangible
assets, in particular the analysis of intellectual property.

Historical Analysis Of Military Industry And Trade In Russia In The Early Twentieth Century

Kholliev Azizbek Guzalovich; Gabrielyan Sofya Ivanovna; Biykuziev Asxat Abdunabievich; Rozakov Abdurasul Abdurahmonovich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 5206-5213

Associate Professors of department "World History" National University of Uzbekistan
Abstract: The article presents the directions and trends in the development of military industry and trade of the Russian Empire in the early twentieth century. The processes involved in attracting foreign investment to the Russian military industry have been analyzed from a historical perspective. Russia's trade relations with foreign countries are also covered in this article.

Need of Comprehensive Physiotherapy in Multiple Sclerosis: A Narrative Review

Archana Choudhary; Dr. Amandeep Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4754-4761

Multiple Sclerosis is a chronic progressive and debilitating disease of adults which attacks myelin sheath in brain and spinal cord, leading to problems with coordination, balance, spasticity, muscle control, disability, gait disturbances and other basic bodily functions. The course of disease is highly unpredictable which greatly vary among MS patients. In majority MS attacks young adults which significantly affect the quality of life at an early stage of life. As far there is no known cure has been established for MS and patients are profoundly depends on DMDs to improve their physical as well as mental symptoms although the treatments are very expensive. Patients with MS usually do not involve in physical activity due to afraid of worsening of pre-existing symptoms or might get a relapse. Physicians now believe that exercises can play a crucial role in preventing deconditioning and to improve physical and mental symptoms as well as may have possible neuroprotective role in MS. This article reviews the effects of Physical therapy interventions on pathophysiology and on specific impairments in MS patients, and emphasizes a productive role of physical rehabilitation in PwMs.
A comprehensive literature search was done by formulating the research questions such as effects/role /benefits of exercises in MS (PubMed, SweMed, NCBI, Cochrane, Elsevier, Wiley online Library, Hindawi)