Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Fluoride


CARIES RISK ASSESSMENT USING CARIOGRAM PROFILE AMONG 18-20 YEAR OLD PATIENTS ATTENDING PRIVATE DENTAL COLLEGE, CHENNAI: A HOSPITAL BASED CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Subashri. A; Jayashri Prabakar; Dhanraj Ganapathy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1565-1579

Dental caries are reversible dynamic biochemical events, and remain a public health problem due to its characteristics, cost of treatment and effectiveness of quality of life.Dental caries has a highest and longest association with dental profession. Dental caries do not undergo any termination or diminution if untreated and required expertise and professional treatment. But the risk factors should be studied and modified so that dental caries can be prevented. Despite the fact that various successful treatment goals have been developed the disease is still prevalent. In olden days dental caries detection was considered as a boon.To assess the caries risk of 18 to 20 year old patients using cariogram visiting private dental College in Chennai city. A total of 170 patient records taken who visited college from the period of June 2019 to March 2020. Cariogram images taken and analysed individually. Data were tabulated and statistically analysed using SPSS software. Descriptive statistics were expressed by means of frequency and percentage. Chi-square test was used to find the association of cariogram variables with age and gender. Out of 170 samples 32.4% of them were females, 67.6% males. Based on age group 23.5% of them were 18 years, 19 years - 38.8% of age and 37.6% of the population were 20 years of age. The significant association was observed between gender and fluoride, with more usage of fluoride measures by the males when compared to the females.

DENTAL FLUOROSIS AMONG PATIENTS VISITING A DENTAL HOSPITAL IN CHENNAI.

Umayal. S; Pradeep Kumar; R Smiline Girija. A.S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1827-1833

Dental fluorosis is a sign of prolonged high fluoride exposure. The aim of the study is to assess the severity of dental fluorosis among the patients visiting a Dental College in Chennai, Tamilnadu. A retrospective institution based study was conducted by evaluating and analysing 291 patient case records visiting a dental hospital from December(2019) to March(2020) who had signs of dental fluorosis. Data such as age, gender, type of dental fluorosis were documented from the online database of saveetha dental college - DIAS Dental Information Archiving Software. Ethical approval was obtained by the institutional ethical board at Saveetha University. The data was examined by two examiners. The data collected was reviewed and subjected to statistical analysis using IBM SPSS software version 20.0. The present study shows Females and middle aged patients with dental fluorosis visit dental hospitals more frequently.

AGE AND GENDER PREDILECTION OF DENTAL FLUOROSIS AMONG AN OUTPATIENT POPULATION VISITING A DENTAL COLLEGE

Anubhav Das; Gheena. S; Ravindra Kumar Jain

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3239-3249

Introduction
Dental fluorosis is the developmental disturbance of enamel that results from ingestion of high amounts of fluoride during tooth mineralization. Drinking water remains the main source of fluoride. Other sources of fluoride are infant formula, vegetables ,canned fish,sea foods,improper utilisation of fluoride toothpaste in children.
Aim
The aim of this study is to assess the age and gender prediction of dental fluorosis among an outpatient population visiting a dental college.
Materials and methods
This is a cross sectional retrospective study with an analytical component.Data of 562 dental fluorosis patients were analysed between March 2019 and March 2020.The data was tabulated in excel and reviewed and was classified according to dean's fluorosis index, following which, data was imported to SPSS software by IBM, for descriptive statistical analysis and the statistical test used in this study is chi-square test.
Results
In this study, we found that there is a high incidence of dental fluorosis in the age group of 20 to 30 years. There is a higher incidence of dental fluorosis in males than in females. Prevalence of dental fluorosis in the younger group and in males is very high.