Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Denture stomatitis

Assessment Of Risk Factors Of Denture Stomatitis

Dr. Rohit Sharma, Dr. Rishi Modi, Dr. Anjali Yadav, Dr. Dipanjit Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 548-551

Background: Denture stomatitis (DS) is the clinical diagnosis of the disease that occurs in adults with removable dentures. The present study was conducted to assess risk factors of denture stomatitis.
Materials & Methods: 150 cases of complete denture wearer having denture stomatitis were diagnosed of DS based on DS-modified Newton’s index (NI): 0 = no inflammation; 1 = pin-point hyperemia; 2 = diffuse erythema; and 3 = papillary hyperplasia) in the complete denture wearers. Denture hygiene and year of denture wearing was also recorded.
Results: Out of 150 patients, males were 90 and females were 60.Grading 0 was seen in 0%, 1 in 20%, 2 in 25% and 3 in 55%. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Denture age was 1-5 years in 42%, 5-10 years in 23% and >10 years in 35%. Denture hygiene was good in 26%, satisfactory in 24% and poor in 50%. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Common risk factors for denture stomatitis were chronic denture wearing and poor oral hygiene.


Sharon keziah.V Sharon keziah.V1; Dr. Deepika Rajendran; Dr. R. Pradeep Kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1237-1246

Denture Stomatitis( DS) is one of the common denture related complications in patients wearing dentures after years of denture use. There have been various studies on its prevalence despite the fact that its exact etiology is still unknown. Removable dentures have served as an important prosthesis in dentistry, whereby it helps in regaining the phonetics and masticatory functions as well as esthetics in edentulous patients. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors that can cause denture stomatitis in denture wearers. This study was designed as a retrospective clinical study. All the patients with removable dentures (Complete dentures , Removable Partial dentures , Cast partial denture ) were taken into account and the data was retrieved. The data was analysed and results were recorded.Out of the 1415 subjects wearing dentures (complete or partial ) , 80 were found to have denture stomatitis in which 57.4% were women and 42.6% were men. The majority of the DS patients were in the age group range of 51-80 years. Temporary partial dentures (50%) were the most prevalent type of prosthesis in patients with denture stomatitis. When the medical history was reviewed most of the patients did not have any underlying systemic diseases(61.1%) did not have any medical condition, (18.5%) were diabetic, (11.1 %) were hypertensive. When all the diabetic patients(2577) were evaluated , 9.32% had denture stomatitis .In the study, it was observed that denture stomatitis was prevalent in elderly patients with slight female predilection. Diabetes was the most prevalent systemic illness associated with denture stomatitis