Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Cryptorchidism

A study on clinical profile of patients with undescended testes attending Tertiary care hospital

Dr. Vachan M, Dr. Anup Kumar MC

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 4778-4782

Undescended testis is present in about 1-4.5% of new borns with a higher incidence in pre terms (30-45%). In infants born with undescended testis, it may descend into scrotum in 75% of full term neonates and in 90% of premature new born boys in infancy, and it decreases to 0.8-1.2% at 1 year of age. After taking informed consent from the parents, a detailed case history was recorded on admission as per the proforma.Data collected included Name, Age, Weight, Presentation, Past history, Family history, Examination of bilateral testis, its position, palpable or not and size and associated complications, Routine blood investigations and ultrasonography of abdomen and pelvis, Surgical treatment (including Date of admission, Surgery and Discharge), Outcome and Follow up. In the present study, most common side of undescended testis was left present in 48% of case (n=24). Next common side was right present in 42% of cases (n=21), followed by bilateral cases present in 10% of cases(n=5). In the present study, most common position of undescended testis was in the inguinal canal in 34% of patients (n=17). Next common position was in the superficial inguinal ring in 32% of cases (n=16), followed by intra-abdominal in 24% of cases(n=12) and deep inguinal ring in 10% of cases(n=5) which was least common