Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Coronary Artery diseases


Pradnya Mukund Diggikar, Niraliben Hareshkumar Chaudhary, Hansini Raju Reddy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 1579-1593

Cardiovascular problems brought on by ageing and the premature atherosclerosis unique to DM are the most common consequences.Thus Geriatric Diabetic patients have a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Coronary Artery diseases,Heart failure,Diabetic Autonomic cardiomyopathy causing arrhythmias are more common type of cardiovascular diseases in these group of patients.
Materials and Methods: The present prospective cross sectional hospital based observational study was conducted among 150 Geriatric patients with Type 2 diabetes Mellitus. A detailed clinical history was taken from all the patients regarding symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2.  The data was collected and entered into a spread sheet application (Microsoft9 Excel ).
Results: Majority of the study participants were among 60-70 years (89.33%) and least being >80 years(0.67%) .Majority of the study participants were females with 50.67% and 49.33% were males.
considering BMI,47.61% cases were Overweight (25-30) and 15.65% cases were Obese (>30).Major duration of DM among study population was 10-20 years(50.67%) followed by <10 years (27.33%).Major symptoms suggestive of cardiovascular involvement was palpitation 44% followed by 37.33% fatigue.Major signs suggestive of cardiovascular involvement was crepitations 13.33%, followed by 10% pedal edema. Major chest x-ray finding was cardiomegaly 12%, followed by 6.67% Pleural effusion.Major ECG changes considering infarction was NSTEMI 15.33% followed by 12% STEMI.Major ECG changes considering arrhythmias was sinus tachycardia 18% followed by 6.67% sinus bradycardia, 0.67% atrial fibrillation, 1.33% VPC, 19.33% LVH and 0.67% BBB.Major 2D Echo findings was 36.67% LVDD followed by 32.67% had Hypokinesia, 31% akinesia, 27.33% LVSD.It was observed that Around 62% had no cardiovascular involvement, 31.33% had Myocardial infarction, 20.67% arrythmia, 12.67% heart failure and 12% Diabetic cardiomyopathy (HCM+DCM).
Conclusion: Geriatric Diabetics are at significantly increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Myocardial Infarction is commonest cardiovascular abnormality detected.ECG and Echocardiography are basic yet most sensitive diagnostic procedure to detect CVD at an early stage .

“A study to assess the effectiveness of instructional module on prevention of coronary artery disease among the teaching Professionals.”

Mrs SangeetaPatil,Mrs SheetalA,Kadam, Mrs.NamarataMohite,Mr..Ajit A. Pawar .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 8171-8176

Back ground of the study:- Coronary artery diseases are one of the major illnesses whichaffect equally on both male and female, we can prevent this with help of adapting proper healthy life styles. Objectives:-Study investigated to assess the effectiveness of instructional module on prevention ofcoronary heart diseases among teaching professionals.
Material and methods:
Experimental study done on 50 teaching professionals on prevention of coronary artery diseases. Check list prepared for data collection which was validated from expert. Ethical permission taken before collection of data. Samples collection done as per inclusion criteria of the study in the study. Maximum samples are from the age group of 25-35Yrs 28(59%) Pretest 36(72%) of teaching professionals are known to prevention of coronary artery diseases. After intervention it was found 39(78%) known to prevention of coronary artery disease in the teaching professionals.