Keywords : Articulation
MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF LATERAL MENISCI OF KNEEJOINTS &ITSCLINICAL APPLICATION:A CADAVERICSTUDY
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 7752-7761
Background: Knee joint is the largest synovial joints in the body It is a compound joint that includes two condylar joints between the femur and the tibia, the former being partly divided by menisci. The menisci (formerly called semilunar cartilages) of the knee lie within the knee joint between the femur and tibia and somewhat adapt the tibial and femoral condyles to each other. The menisci performing important mechanical functions, such as supporting body weight, shock absorption, stabilization and rotational facilitation.[i] The meniscus plays an important role in load sharing, shock absorption, joint stability, joint nutrition and overall protection of articular cartilage.[ii]
Objectives:To study the morphometric parameters of lateral menisci of both thekneejoints.
Materials and Methods: :Thestudywasconductedon30kneejointsof15formalin fixed cadavers of unknown sex and measured the Inner circumference , outer circumference and widthof the lateral meniscus of both the knee withthe helpof digital caliper