Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Demographic Analysis

Demographic Analysis on the prevalence of Diabetes in nine states of India

Dr.G.Nagasubramaniyan , Prem Sundar M

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 7238-7246

Diabetes is one of the global health and economic burdens which is growing in an epidemic proportion. India ranks second in the global Diabetic population next to China. The Indian Diabetic population is currently estimated to be 74.2 million and is projected to reach 124 million in the year 2045. The objective of this study is to perform a Demographic analysis to understand better about the prevalence and spread of Diabetes in India. In this study, Demographic analysis was performed on the prevalence of Diabetic people in nine states based on a survey conducted by the Indian government to collect health data. The Data after the process of cleaning consists of 6,89,970 individuals’ records. In the analysis, the proportion of gender among the Diabetic individuals in the sample, gender proportion in Diabetic prevalence among the sample, Diabetic prevalence among the sample in different age groups, Diabetic prevalence among the sample in different states, and gender proportion in diabetic prevalence among the sample in different age groups was calculated. The analysis revealed that the male diabetic prevalence is higher than the female diabetic prevalence across all age groups, and the diabetic prevalence, when compared across all age groups, the ‘60 and above’ age group has been found to have the highest prevalence. The state of Chhattisgarh has been found to have the highest diabetic prevalence among the nine states. It is suggested that the health department conduct a pan India survey including queries about the individual’s dietary intake, family history of diabetes, nature of the job, income, and time spent on physical exercise, in addition to the existing questionnaire to know better about the cause and spread of Diabetes in India.