Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Abruptio placentae

Maternal and fetal outcome in antepartum hemorrhage

Dr. Manisha Jindal, Dr. Deepika

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 2568-2572

Background:Antepartum hemorrhage is defined as bleeding from the vagina after 24 weeks. The present study was assess maternal and fetal outcome in patients with antepartum hemorrhage.
Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 100 cases of antepartum hemorrhage. In all cases, maternal and fetal outcome was recorded.
Results: Common type of APH was abruptio placentae seen in 58, placenta Praevia in 20 and undetermined in 12 patients. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Birth weight <2500 grams was seen in 30, 11 and 7. Fetal presentation was breech in 32, 12 and 6. IN maximum cases cause of death was sepsis seen in 3, 1 and 1. There were 51 live birth, 19 and 10 in AP, PP and undetermined respectively. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). 50 cases, 12 and 10 cases had emergency C/S. Most common complication in AP was anemia seen in 7 in AP, 5 in PP and 4 in undetermined. Maternal death was seen 4 in AP, 2 in PP and 1 in undetermined type. 20 patients in AP, 10 in PP and 6 in undetermined need blood transfusion. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Common reason of APH was abruptio placentae, placental previa and undetermined. Most common cause of death was sepsis in all type of APH.