Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Preconceptionalcounseling

Clinical Study of Maternal and Perinatal Outcome in Heart Disease Complicating Pregnancy at Tertiary Referral Center

Malathi Jonna, Akila B, VanajakshammaVelam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 10371-10377

Background:Cardiac disease is an important cause of maternal mortality and morbidity
both in ante partum and postpartum period. The overall incidence of heart disease in
pregnancy is <1%. Objective of present study was to determine maternal outcome in
pregnant women with heart diseases in terms of fetal complication, maternal
complication and Mode of delivery. Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the
influence of biological factors inPerinatal Outcome in Heart Disease Complicating
Materials and Methods: This study wasconducted between January 2018 to
Decmber2021,ina tertiary care centre, SVIMS, Sri Padmavathi Medical college for
women. It is a retrospective observational study. Sample size is 55.
Results: In the present study, age distribution varied from 20-40 yrs. majority of women
(52.72%) are in the age group 20-25 years, followed by 23.63% in the age group of 26-30
years, 12.72% in the age group 31-35 years and 1.81% in the age group 36-40 years.
90.90% of cases are booked cases and 9.10% of cases are booked cases.
Conclusion: Preconceptional counselling, accurate risk assessment, regular antenatal
checkups,prevention, early recognition and aggressive treatment of complications
during pregnancy are crucial in reducing themorbidity. Surgical correction of the
cardiac lesion prior to pregnancy is associated with better pregnancy outcome.