Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Fetal Morbidity

Fetomaternal Outcome in Women Undergoing Caesarean Section in First Stage Vs Second Stage of Labour

Kesavachandra Gunakala, P.M.Rekha Rao, Mude Vennela, P.Harika

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 6052-6060

Background:Second stage caesarean is technically more difficult due to deep
engagement of fetal head, and this is associated with increased risk of maternal
morbidity such as surgical injuries and intra operative excessive haemorrhage as well as
fetal morbidity such as asphyxia and fetal injury. A Prospective study was done to
compare the maternal and neonatal complications of caesarean sections performed in
second stage compared to first stage of labour. Objective: To determine the maternal
and perinatal outcome associated with caesarean sections performed in second stage
versus first stage of labour.
Materials and Methods: It is an observational cross-sectional study where 7033 women
were enrolled in the study, out of them 1272underwent C- section in first stage of labour
where as rest152 underwent caesarean section in second stage of labour for various
Results: It was found that the women who underwent caesarean section in second stage
of labour had a higher risk of maternal morbidity than those who underwent caesarean
in first stage of labour The rate of intraoperative bleeding is>1000ml,uterineatony,
longer duration of surgery,adhesions, fetalhypoxia, neonatal admissions toNICU,
neonatal sepsis and early neonatal death were more common in second stage of labour
as compared to first stage.
Conclusion: In conclusion, Present study suggests that women undergoing c-section in
second stage of labour have increased chance of Uterineatony, rate of excessive
bleeding, postoperative fever, wound infection, fetal hypoxia compared to first stage of
labour and therefore require special care and should be handled and operated by
experienced obstetricians’ The rate of complications can be avoided by proper antenatal
care, proper usage of partograph, pelvic assessment in early labour and timely

A Study of Maternal and Foetal Outcomes in Cases of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria

Dandi Amitha Kumari, Jalli Padmaja, Kranthi Talari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 9981-9989

Background:To determine the number of women with asymptomatic bacteriuria
(Group A) and the number of women with symptomatic bacteriuria (Group B) (Group
B). To identify the most common pathogenic organism in women with asymptomatic
bacteriuria. To compare the outcomes of pregnancies in groups A and B (maternal and
foetal morbidity).
Materials and Methods: Pregnant women visiting the antenatal clinic of the Department
of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Govt Medical College/General Hospital Suryapet for
the first time in 20 weeks to 36 weeks were the subjects of this prospective study.
Results: The study included 250 pregnant women starting at 20 weeks of gestation.
Urine culture and sensitivity testing were performed to check for asymptomatic
bacteriuria. Asymptomatic bacteriuria was found in 8.8 percent of the study population.
E.Coli was the most common pathogen, accounting for 63.63 percent of all cases.
Asymptomatic bacteriuria was associated with increased maternal morbidity (18.18
percent ). Those who did not have asymptomatic bacteriuria had lower morbidity (9.1
percent ). Fetal morbidity was higher (21.4 percent) in kids whose mothers had
asymptomatic bacteriuria than in those whose mothers did not have silent bacteriuria
(9.3 percent ). Preterm labour was the most prevalent maternal morbidity (18.18
percent), while low birth weight was the most common foetal morbidity (18.18 percent ).
There was no maternal or foetal death.