Keywords : ABDOMINALiSURGICALiSITEiINFECTION
AiPROSPECTIVEiSTUDYiONiOCCURENCE AND RISK FACTORS OFiABDOMINALiSURGICALiSITE iINFECTION
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 5363-5372
Surgical site infection (SSI) is defined as a wound infection that occurs within 30 days of an operative procedure or within a year if an implant is left in place and the infection is thought to be secondary to surgery. It is one of the most common health care- associated infections,occurring following 1%-3% of all surgical procedures.
The most common complications of in-patient admissions are Abdominal surgical site complications.They contribute to severe consequences for outcome and costs. Different risk factors may be involved including age, sex, nutrition and immunity, prophylactic antibiotics, operation type and duration , type of shaving, and secondary infections.
The aim of the study is to determine the abdominal surgical site infections in surgical ward.
Risk factors associated with the abdominal surgical site infections.
The most common causative organisms encountered and its sensitivity and resistence pattern in post operative wound infection.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
The study was conducted in Department of General Surgery, Mamata General Hospital, Khammam from October 2018 to September 2020. A total of 50 cases of abdominal surgeries which meet the inclusion criteria were included in the study.
Among 50 cases of abdominal surgeries underwent, 11 cases were infected. The incidence rate of abdominal surgical site infection is 22%. Among 50 cases of abdominal surgeries underwent, 30 cases had Elective surgeries and 20 cases had Emergency surgeries. Among 11 abdominal surgical site infections, the organisms isolated were Pseudomonas, Staphylococci, Klebsiella, was 2 (28 .75%) each respectively, and E.Coli was 1 (14.28%)
In present study we concluded that Incidence of abdominal surgical site infection was 22%.
Most common infected patients belong to old age group. High infection rate was seen in Emergency cases.
Dr. Kudurupaka Veerender 1, Dr. Vijaya Kumar Ankathi 2, Dr. Pala Anand Kumar3