Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Palsy

A Study on Post Operative Complications of Thyroid Surgery

Mohammed Naqi Zain, Mohammed Shazad Ahmed, Syed Mohammed Sajjad Husayni

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 5039-5047

Background:The postoperative consequences of thyroid surgery have long been
recognisedbygoitre surgeons. These problems may be serious enough to endanger the
patient's life or cause physical or physiological limitations. Given the severity of the
consequences, they must be kept to a minimum in this age of contemporary surgery.
Moreover, for surgery to remain a dominating treatment option for thyroid illness, its
complications must be less than other effective treatments. Aim: objectives of this study
is to investigate preoperative factors that influence complication rates, complication
rates linked with thyroid surgery type, problem types, complication onset time,
complication duration, complication management.
Materials and Methods: The current study lasted 18 months from January 2019 to July
2020. Princes Esra Hospital, Deccan College of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad. The study
included a prospective analysis of 80 goitre surgeries. These cases were clinically
investigated and recorded using the attached proforma.
Results: A study of 80 goitres having surgery(cases that underwent goiter surgery)
revealed Thyroid problems affect women more than men. The hospital saw the most
patients in their third decade. Multinodular Goitre in Euthyroid Status was the most
common clinical diagnosis. The most prevalent histology diagnosis was Nodular Colloid
Goitre. Subtotal thyroidectomy was the most common procedure for goitre.
Complications after surgery included wound infection. This trial had no fatality and
little morbidity. It is possible to do thyroid surgery with little morbidity and mortality
for a wide range of thyroid illnesses if done gently with thorough attention to hemostasis
and structural features.