Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : BCG

Status And Barriers For Primary Immunization Among Children Aged 2 Years To 5 Years In The City Of Koppal: A Cross Sectional Study

Chethana K V, Mallikarjun Biradar, Anil Kumar L

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 2021-2027

Background: Immunization plays an important role for the child survival. It is the
process whereby a child is made immune to an infectious disease. As per the recent
WHO bulletin these life saving vaccines have been successfully averted around 20
million premature deaths and 500 million disease cases. Objectives: 1. To determine the
status of primary immunization among children in Koppal. 2. To study about the
Barriers for primary immunization among their parents. Methodology: Study design:
Cross sectional study done at Koppal city. Study population: Children 2 years to 5 years
of age Koppal city. Study period: Two months, Sampling method: Cluster sampling.
Sample size: 221 children. Data analysis: Data entered in Excel Sheet and analyzed
using SPPS 21. Results: . Out of 221 children 52.9% were males and 47.05 were females.
In our study 75.11% were fully immunized, 24.43 were partially immunized. 80.3% of
male children were fully immunized, 69.2% of females were fully immunized. The
association between immunization status and literacy of parents found to be significant.
Conclusion: Immunization process will become more successful if the child receives full
course of recommended immunization doses.