Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Age group


Dr. Diva Sutreja, Dr. Pubali Ghoshal, Dr Nayan Odedra

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 8589-8594

Background: Liver biopsy is done for diagnosing liver diseases and is the gold standard for managing liver disorders, giving details of diagnosis, progression of disease and response to treatment.
Aim: To study liver biopsies and to correlate them with different age groups and to evaluate different hepatic lesions.
Results: A retrospective study of 60 liver biopsies was done during the period May 2021 to May 2022. Staining was done with H & E and the slides were examined using light microscope. Among these, 41 cases were males and 19 cases were females. Out of 60 cases, 14(23.3%) cases each were of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, 11(18.3%) cases were of chronic hepatitis, 6(10%) cases were of fatty liver, 3(5%) cases were of biliary atresia, 4(6.6%) cases were of liver abscess, 2(3.3%) cases were of glycogen storage disorder, 1 case each of degenerative liver disease, liver cell dysplasia and miliary tuberculosis. Liver biopsy was inadequate in 3(5%) cases.
Conclusion: Examination using microscopy done in liver biopsy presents a spectrum of pathological variations and helps to diagnose the diseases and guides the physicians for appropriate treatment.

Comparative rugoscopic pattern analysis of dentulous and edentulous population of Rajasthan state

Dr. Narendra Singh Bansal, Dr. Naiem Ahmed, Dr. Lokendra Kumar Goyal, Dr. Saurabh Jain

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 979-984

Background: In accordance of forensic dentistry, every palatal rugae has a remarkable distinct pattern in every human, it can be applied as an identification tool.
Objective: The objective of the present study was to investigate palatal rugae patterns in dentulous and edentulous patients and evaluate the reliability of these patterns in human identification. Methodology: The study group was equally divided into 30 dentulous and 30 edentulous patients, respectively. A duly filled and signed consent form was attained from each participant. Alginate impression material is used for primary impressions in a perforated tray and dental stone (Type-3 Gypsum products) was used to develop a cast. The number, length and shape were recorded after analysing the rugae patterns. Statistical calculation done by using SPSS system. Results: The mean of the total number of rugae more in dentulous (7095 ± 1.393) than edentulous (5.99 ± 1.001) participant. Dentulous subjects shows more curved rugae patterns (2.98 ± 1.321), primary rugae (6.86 ± 1.287) and forwarded rugae (3.84 ± 1.801) while more straight rugae patterns (3.15 ± 1.44) and perpendicular rugae (2.64 ± 1.425) found in edentulous subjects. Conclusion: This study concludes that there is statistically significant variation in dentulous and edentulous participant in term of shape, number, size and direction.

A study of ovarian lesions among various age group and to correlate them with the clinical features

Abhilash NP, Vanisri HR, Mudassar Ahmed Shariff, Raghavendra D

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 2270-2276

Background: Tumours of the ovary are common forms of neoplasms in women. The pathology of ovarian neoplasms is one of the most complex areas of gynaecology, because the ovary gives rise to the greater and larger variety of tumours than any other organ. While in other organs, tissue of origin is usually clear, tissue from which an ovarian tumour arises is often uncertain and most of the development of the presumptive tissue is often in disparity.
Objectives: To determine the nature of ovarian masses presented to Department of Pathology, CIMS during the last 2 years.
Methodology: The present retrospective record based observational study was conducted by the department of Pathology from March 2022 to May 2022 from the data of the patients from the records from January 2019 to December 2021. All the specimen obtained in the Department of Pathology for Histopathological examination during the study period from the patients diagnosed with ovarian lesion in the hospital were included for the study.
Results: In the present study majority (29%) of them belonged to 30 to 40 years of age, 23% of them were aged less than 20 years. In the present study 65% of them complained of Mass per abdomen, 40% of them had pain in abdomen, 10% had ascites, 9% had menstrual irregularities, 5% had infertility related issues and 5% of them were asymptomatic in nature. The highest incidence of Benign tumor was seen in the age group of 30 to 40 years (32.5%), in the age group of less than 20 years it was 25.9%. The Malignant tumor was found to be more common those aged more than 40 years with 26% of them in 40 to 50 years of age, 21.7% of them in 50 to 60 years of age.
Conclusion: In conclusion, a variety of clinical factors, including the patient's age, presenting symptoms, the location and size of the lump and the histological type of the ovarian tumour, are all connected. All of these clinical and histomorphological characteristics, as well as cutting-edge, more modern diagnostic techniques like immunohistochemistry and morphometric analysis, can aid in early diagnosis, the planning of a course of therapy and prognostic information.