Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Laproscopy


A Comparative Study Between Open and Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Srikanth Jukuru

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 1217-1225

Background: The aim of this study is to compare conventional cholecystectomy and
laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Materials and Methods: The study subjects consisted of 40 patients with a diagnosis of
calculous cholecystitis that underwent cholecystectomy at Bhaskar Medical College and
General Hospital, yenkapally from January 2018 to June 2019. The patients will be
evaluated for detailed clinical history according to a definite proforma. All the patients
will be examined and routine blood investigations with LFT wherever necessary will be
done. Abdominal USG will be performed in all the cases.
Results: The commonest presenting complaint in both the groups was pain in the right
upper quadrant followed by vomiting, fever and dyspepsia. Majority of the patients in
both the groups had multiple stones. (15 patients in LC group and 14 patients in OC
group) The duration of LC was significantly more than for OC (median 105 min v/s
75min respectively). The intra operative blood loss and the complications were more for
the open procedure. Two patients of laparoscopic group required conversion to open
procedure. The drains were required in less number of patients of LC group and for
less number of days. Wound infection was seen in 1 of LC patient and 5 of OC patients.
One patient of OC group developed incisional hernia. The antibiotic requirement was
less in LC group (median 5days) compared to OC group (median 7days). The Visual
Analogue Scale for pain in the post op period was significantly less for LC patients
compared to OC patients (median Grade1 v/s Grade3 respectively). The duration of
pain in the LC group was significantly less (median of 2 days) compared to OC group
(median of 4 days). The analgesic requirement was significantly less in LC patients
(median for3days) compared to OC patients (median for 5 days). The LC patients
tolerated oral feeds earlier compared to OC patients (6- 8hours compared to 12-36
hours respectively). The duration of hospital stay was significantly longer for OC group
than for LC group (median 7 days versus 4 days respectively). The time to return to
normal work was delayed for OC group (median 8 days) compared to LC group
(median 5 days). The cosmetic end result was unacceptable in majority of OC patients
(14 of 20). While majority of LC patients were satisfied with the operative scar (16 of
20).
Conclusion: The laparoscopic procedure was costly compared to open procedure. But
this difference was overcome by the other costs incurred in post-operative period of
open procedure.