Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Sun exposure

Vitamin D status and its determinant among medical undergraduate students

Manoj Kumar Singh, Ishan Kumar Parasher, Deepti Mandsorewale, Geeta

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 337-343

Background: Vitamin D is essential for calcium absorption, bones strengthening, hemopoiesis,
protection against heart failure, prevention against upper respiratory infection, acts as anti-oxidant and
strengthening immunity. Its deficiency has turn out to be epidemic globally, but still majority of
population is unaware about the problem. The prevalence can be appreciated in all age groups in both
the genders, such as, youngsters, adult, pregnant women and geriatric group. As vitamin D functions in
bone remodeling and its normal growth, the deficiency leads to retarded growth and skeletal deformities
in infants and adolescents, whereas, muscle weakness and fractures are common in adults. Present study
was carried out to sensitize the medical undergraduates regarding deficiency, prevention and treatment
of vitamin D.

A Hospital Based Comparative Study to Evaluate the Association of Acute Respiratory Tract Infections with Serum Vitamin-D Levels in Children Between 2 Months to 5 Years of Age

Priyanka Singh, Abender Singh Maanju, Monisha Sahai

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 5789-5796

Background: Vitamin D has long been known to play a role in the skeletal system and
calcium homeostasis; the deficiency of which causes rickets and osteoporosis. There is
growing evidence that vitamin D also contributes positively to pulmonary health.
Vitamin D deficiency is a common and important nutritional deficiency in children in
India. Clinical and subclinical vitamin D deficiency in children has been reported to be
a significant risk factor for severe acute respiratory tract infection. The aim of this
study to compare the evaluation of the association of acute respiratory tract infections
with serum vitamin-D levels in children between 2 months to 5 years of age.